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Article

Whitefly Control Strategies against Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus in Greenhouse Zucchini

IFAPA, La Mojonera Centre, 04745 Almería, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2673; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152673
Received: 27 June 2019 / Revised: 22 July 2019 / Accepted: 23 July 2019 / Published: 26 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Greenhouse and Horticulture)
(1) Background: Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV), transmitted by tobacco whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), is of major concern in the cultivation of zucchini. The threat of this virus motivates reliance on chemical vector control but European consumers’ demands for vegetables grown free of pesticides provides an important incentive for alternative pest management; (2) Methods: Different whitefly management strategies and ToLCNDV incidences were surveyed in commercial zucchini greenhouses in south-east Spain. In an experimental greenhouse, three different whitefly control strategies, biological, chemical, and integrated (IPM), were evaluated in a replicated trial to determine the most effective strategy for virus suppression (3) Results: Whitefly was present in all commercial zucchini crops surveyed, whereas fewer crops had Amblyseius swirskii or other natural enemies. During three consecutive years, pest management was increasingly based on chemical treatments. Yet, ToLCNDV was widespread in zucchini greenhouses. Experimental results showed that the order of best strategy for virus suppressing was integrated management (73%) > biological control (58%) > chemical control (44%); and (4) Conclusions: IPM was the best strategy for virus suppression. The results can assist in the design of appropriate control strategies for chemical pesticide reduction and decision-making in pest management. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmentative biological control; Cucurbita pepo; parasitoids; predators; protected horticulture; begomovirus augmentative biological control; Cucurbita pepo; parasitoids; predators; protected horticulture; begomovirus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez, E.; Téllez, M.M.; Janssen, D. Whitefly Control Strategies against Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus in Greenhouse Zucchini. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2673. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152673

AMA Style

Rodríguez E, Téllez MM, Janssen D. Whitefly Control Strategies against Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus in Greenhouse Zucchini. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2673. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152673

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez, Estefanía, Mª M. Téllez, and Dirk Janssen. 2019. "Whitefly Control Strategies against Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus in Greenhouse Zucchini" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 15: 2673. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152673

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