Next Article in Journal
Investigation on the Injury Severity of Drivers in Rear-End Collisions Between Cars Using a Random Parameters Bivariate Ordered Probit Model
Next Article in Special Issue
A New Intervention Procedure for Improving Classroom Behavior of Neglected Children: Say Do Say Correspondence Training
Previous Article in Journal
Insights Following Implementation of an Exercise Intervention in Older Veterans with PTSD
Previous Article in Special Issue
Moral Disengagement as an Explanatory Factor of the Polyivictimization of Bullying and Cyberbullying
Open AccessArticle

How to Stop Victims’ Suffering? Indirect Effects of an Anti-Bullying Program on Internalizing Symptoms

Department of Education, Languages, Intercultures, Literatures and Psychology, University of Florence, Via San Salvi 12, Padiglione 26, 50135 Firenze, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2631; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142631
Received: 1 July 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 23 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Victimisation)
Victims of bullying and cyberbullying present internalizing problems, such as anxiety, psychosomatic and depressive symptoms, and are at higher risk of considering or attempting suicide. Researchers have put great effort into developing interventions able to stop bullying and cyberbullying, and thus buffering possible negative consequences. Despite this, only a few of them have investigated the effects of these programs on the psychological suffering of the victims. The NoTrap! program is an Italian evidence-based intervention able to reduce victimization, bullying, cybervictimization and cyberbullying. The aim of the present study is to analyze whether the NoTrap! program can reduce internalizing symptoms through the decrease in both victimization and cybervictimization. Participants were 622 adolescents, enrolled in the 9th grade of eight high schools in Tuscany (experimental group: N = 451; control group: N = 171). We collected data at three time points: pre-, mid- and post-intervention. Using latent growth curve models, we found that the program significantly predicted the change in internalizing symptoms over time. Furthermore, the mediation model showed that only the indirect effect via cybervictimization was significant. In summary, the program reduced internalizing symptoms within the experimental group successfully, through the decrease in cybervictimization more so than through the mediational effect of decreasing victimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibullying intervention; internalizing symptoms; internalizing problems; NoTrap program; cybervictimization; victimization; evidence-based intervention; indirect effects; mediation model; latent growth curve model antibullying intervention; internalizing symptoms; internalizing problems; NoTrap program; cybervictimization; victimization; evidence-based intervention; indirect effects; mediation model; latent growth curve model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Palladino, B.E.; Nocentini, A.; Menesini, E. How to Stop Victims’ Suffering? Indirect Effects of an Anti-Bullying Program on Internalizing Symptoms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2631.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop