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Article

Willingness to Use and Adhere to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in China

by 1,†, 2,†, 1,3, 1,3, 4,5,6, 1 and 1,3,*
1
School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, No.74, Zhongshan second road, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
3
Sun Yat-sen Global Health Institute, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
4
Department of Clinical Research, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, China
5
State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, China
6
Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
They contributed equally to the research.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2620; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142620
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 20 July 2019 / Published: 23 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health of Marginalized People)
This study aimed to investigate the levels of willingness to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and intention to adhere to PrEP and to further explore factors associated with PrEP uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. A total of 524 MSM were recruited from Chengdu, China. Half of the participants had heard of PrEP, and the awareness rate varied from 33.8%, 30.7%, and 7.1% for daily oral PrEP, on-demand PrEP, and long-acting injectable PrEP (LAI-PrEP), respectively. The overall willingness to use any type of PrEP in the next six months was 84.9% if PrEP is effective and provided for free. Participants were less likely to say that they would use PrEP if they used a condom consistently with their regular partners. However, participants were more likely to say that they would use PrEP if they had casual partners in the past month and had higher HIV prevention literacy. The majority of participants intended to adhere to PrEP prescription. More than forty percent (43.1%) of the participants reported that they might reduce condom use if they took PrEP. We found that the overall willingness to use PrEP was high among MSM living in China, but willingness varied across the different types of PrEP. View Full-Text
Keywords: pre-exposure prophylaxis; men who have sex with men; HIV prevention; willingness; adherence; China pre-exposure prophylaxis; men who have sex with men; HIV prevention; willingness; adherence; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Peng, L.; Cao, W.; Gu, J.; Hao, C.; Li, J.; Wei, D.; Li, J. Willingness to Use and Adhere to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142620

AMA Style

Peng L, Cao W, Gu J, Hao C, Li J, Wei D, Li J. Willingness to Use and Adhere to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142620

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peng, Liping, Wangnan Cao, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Jibin Li, Dannuo Wei, and Jinghua Li. 2019. "Willingness to Use and Adhere to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 14: 2620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142620

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