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Open AccessCase Report

A Cheek Nodule in a Child: Be Aware of Idiopathic Facial Aseptic Granuloma and Its Differential Diagnosis

1
Pediatric Section, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 06132 Perugia, Italy
2
Pediatric Unit, A.O. Santa Maria Terni, 05100 Terni, Italy
3
Università degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy
4
Dermatologic Section, School of Medicine, Università degli Studi di Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy
5
Dermatologic Section, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 05100 Terni, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2471; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142471
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 7 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Adolescents and Children Health Research)
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PDF [1002 KB, uploaded 11 July 2019]
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Abstract

Background: Idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma (IFAG) is a rare skin disease that typically presents in children with one or more nontender, erythematous to violaceous nodules located on the cheeks or eyelids. Lesions are not accompanied by other skin abnormalities. IFAG remains a diagnostic challenge in pediatric dermatology, because several diseases may present with similar signs. Case presentation: A three-year-old girl with a previous negative clinical history was referred to our hospital for the evaluation of some asymptomatic nodules on the convexity of the left cheek. The nodules had appeared two months before, and had gradually increased in size. Her mother denied any association with trauma or insect bites. The nodules had a hard-elastic consistency, were moderately firm, and were not fluctuant. No associated lymphadenopathy was observed. The girl was afebrile and in good general condition. A histologic evaluation of a biopsy specimen revealed an inflammatory, granulomatous-diffuse infiltrate in the superficial and deep dermis consisting of giant cells, histiocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, and plasma cells. The Ziehl–Neelsen stains, Gram-stains, and cultures were negative. Suspecting an IFAG, treatment with topical fusidic acid and oral clarithromycin for 14 days was started. After two months, the lesion resolved and did not recur. Conclusion: This case shows how to differentiate IFAG from other dermatologic diseases associated with a negative evolution. Treatment with oral clarithromycin was effective in our patient. However, more scientific evidence is needed to evaluate the most suitable antibiotic therapy. Further studies are also needed to establish whether antibiotics actually impact IFAG prognosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma; skin disease; pediatric dermatology idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma; skin disease; pediatric dermatology
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Miconi, F.; Principi, N.; Cassiani, L.; Celi, F.; Crispoldi, R.; Russo, A.; Esposito, S.; Papini, M. A Cheek Nodule in a Child: Be Aware of Idiopathic Facial Aseptic Granuloma and Its Differential Diagnosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2471.

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