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An Empirical Study of the Impact of the Air Transportation Industry Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Projects on the Local Economy in China

1
College of Civil Aviation, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
2
Research Center for Environment and Sustainable Development of China Civil Aviation, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
3
Wuxi Audit Division, Bank of Ningbo, Wuxi 214043, China
4
College of Tourism and Service Management, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
5
Zhongshan Institute, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Guangdong 528400, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 812; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040812
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 13 April 2018 / Accepted: 14 April 2018 / Published: 20 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Environment, Green Operations and Sustainability)
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Abstract

Green development has been of particular interest to a range of industries worldwide, one of which being the air transportation industry (ATI). The energy conservation and emission reduction (ECER) projects of the ATI have a huge impact on the local economy. In this study, the input-output method was used to analyze the indirect economic impact of the implementation of the ECER projects of the ATI on the local economy of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region. We examined the direct benefits, backward spread effects, forward spread effects, and consumption multiplier effects. The final results showed that the comprehensive economic income from 2011–2013 in the BTH region reached RMB 4.74 billion. The results revealed that the ECER projects commissioned by the ATI were worth investing from both the economic and social benefits perspectives. To increase the green development effects and promote the sustainable development of the ATI, the special funds provided by the Civil Aviation Administration of China should be invested intensively in basic green technology research and setting green regulating and governance rules. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy conservation and emission reduction; benefits; air transport; input-output method; green environment; green operation; sustainable development energy conservation and emission reduction; benefits; air transport; input-output method; green environment; green operation; sustainable development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, Y.; Yu, J.; Li, L.; Li, L.; Li, L.; Zhou, J.; Tsai, S.-B.; Chen, Q. An Empirical Study of the Impact of the Air Transportation Industry Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Projects on the Local Economy in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 812.

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