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Open AccessArticle

Will Happiness Improve the Psychological Integration of Migrant Workers?

College of Economics and Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
Department of Finance, Business School, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China
Research Institute for Guangdong-Taiwan Business Cooperation, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China
School of Economics, Finance and Marketing, College of Business, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
Zhongshan Institute, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Guangzhou 528400, China
Research Center for Environment and Sustainable Development of China Civil Aviation, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 900;
Received: 13 March 2018 / Revised: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 17 April 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Environment, Green Operations and Sustainability)
Happiness is a major factor that influences people’s perceptions and behavior. Two-stage least squares regression was applied to investigate the effect of happiness on the psychological integration of migrant workers in China. The data for a total of 1625 individuals were obtained from the 2014 China Labor-force Dynamics Survey (CLDS). This study describes happiness from three main aspects: happiness, life satisfaction, and economic satisfaction. The psychological integration includes two dimensions of settlement willingness, and trust level; these have gone through dimension-reduced processing by using the weighted average method. The empirical evidence shows, first, that happiness has a significantly positive effect on the psychological integration of migrant workers and second, that the sense of life satisfaction in particular plays a more significant role. The acceleration of the social and political integration in migrant workers will enhance their psychological integration. Additionally, social, cultural and economic integration is found to influence migrant workers’ psychological integration by promoting happiness. Happiness between different generations of migrant workers was found to have a noticeably positive impact on their psychological integration; however, the happiness of the younger migrant workers was more perceivable than that of the other generations. Preferential policies should therefore be provided to improve the happiness of migrant workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrant workers; happiness; psychological integration; psychological health migrant workers; happiness; psychological integration; psychological health
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Li, T.-C.; Chu, C.-C.; Meng, F.-C.; Li, Q.; Mo, D.; Li, B.; Tsai, S.-B. Will Happiness Improve the Psychological Integration of Migrant Workers? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 900.

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