Alginate oligosaccharides with different degrees of polymerization (DPs) possess diverse physiological activities. Therefore, in recent years, increasing attention has been drawn to the use of enzymes for the preparation of alginate oligosaccharides for food and industrial applications. Previously, we identified and characterized a novel bifunctional alginate lyase Aly7A, which can specifically release trisaccharide from three different substrate types with a unique degradation pattern. Herein, we investigated its degradation pattern by modular truncation and molecular docking. The results suggested that Aly7A adopted a unique action mode towards different substrates with the substrate chain sliding into the binding pocket of the catalytic domain to position the next trisaccharide for cleavage. Deletion of the Aly7A carbohydrate binding module (CBM) domain resulted in a complex distribution of degradation products and no preference for trisaccharide formation, indicating that the CBM may act as a “controller” during the trisaccharide release process. This study further testifies CBM as a regulator of product distribution and provides new insights into well-defined generation of alginate oligosaccharides with associated CBMs.
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