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Marine Natural Products from Microalgae: An -Omics Overview

1
Marine Biotechnology Department, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
2
Integrative Marine Ecology Department, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
3
Institute of Biosciences and BioResources, CNR, Via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(5), 269; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17050269
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 May 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioinformatics of Marine Natural Products)
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Abstract

Over the last decade, genome sequences and other -omics datasets have been produced for a wide range of microalgae, and several others are on the way. Marine microalgae possess distinct and unique metabolic pathways, and can potentially produce specific secondary metabolites with biological activity (e.g., antipredator, allelopathic, antiproliferative, cytotoxic, anticancer, photoprotective, as well as anti-infective and antifouling activities). Because microalgae are very diverse, and adapted to a broad variety of environmental conditions, the chances to find novel and unexplored bioactive metabolites with properties of interest for biotechnological and biomedical applications are high. This review presents a comprehensive overview of the current efforts and of the available solutions to produce, explore and exploit -omics datasets, with the aim of identifying species and strains with the highest potential for the identification of novel marine natural products. In addition, funding efforts for the implementation of marine microalgal -omics resources and future perspectives are presented as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine microalgae; marine natural products (MNPs); bioactive compounds; blue biotechnology; genomics; transcriptomics; proteomics; metabolomics; genetic engineering; bioinformatics marine microalgae; marine natural products (MNPs); bioactive compounds; blue biotechnology; genomics; transcriptomics; proteomics; metabolomics; genetic engineering; bioinformatics
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Lauritano, C.; Ferrante, M.I.; Rogato, A. Marine Natural Products from Microalgae: An -Omics Overview. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 269.

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