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Open AccessReview

Cosmetic and Therapeutic Applications of Fish Oil’s Fatty Acids on the Skin

1
Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Keelung, Keelung 20401, Taiwan
2
School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan 33303, Taiwan
3
School of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei 11219, Taiwan
4
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
5
Department of Cosmetic Science, Providence University, Taichung 43301, Taiwan
6
Pharmaceutics Laboratory, Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
7
Chinese Herbal Medicine Research Team, Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
8
Research Center for Food and Cosmetic Safety and Research Center for Chinese Herbal Medicine, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Kweishan, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
9
Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Kweishan, Taoyuan 33305, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(8), 256; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16080256
Received: 14 June 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 28 July 2018 / Published: 30 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Resource and Cosmetics)
Fish oil has been broadly reported as a potential supplement to ameliorate the severity of some skin disorders such as photoaging, skin cancer, allergy, dermatitis, cutaneous wounds, and melanogenesis. There has been increasing interest in the relationship of fish oil with skin protection and homeostasis, especially with respect to the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The other PUFAs, such as α-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA), also show a beneficial effect on the skin. The major mechanisms of PUFAs for attenuating cutaneous inflammation are the competition with the inflammatory arachidonic acid and the inhibition of proinflammatory eicosanoid production. On the other hand, PUFAs in fish oil can be the regulators that affect the synthesis and activity of cytokines for promoting wound healing. A systemic review was conducted to demonstrate the association between fish oil supplementation and the benefits to the skin. The following describes the different cosmetic and therapeutic approaches using fatty acids derived from fish oil, especially ALA, LA, DHA, and EPA. This review summarizes the cutaneous application of fish oil and the related fatty acids in the cell-based, animal-based, and clinical models. The research data relating to fish oil treatment of skin disorders suggest a way forward for generating advances in cosmetic and dermatological uses. View Full-Text
Keywords: fish oil; polyunsaturated fatty acid; omega-3; skin; cosmetology; dermatology fish oil; polyunsaturated fatty acid; omega-3; skin; cosmetology; dermatology
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Huang, T.-H.; Wang, P.-W.; Yang, S.-C.; Chou, W.-L.; Fang, J.-Y. Cosmetic and Therapeutic Applications of Fish Oil’s Fatty Acids on the Skin. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 256.

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