Next Article in Journal
Processing Optimization and Characterization of Angiotensin-Ι-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides from Lizardfish (Synodus macrops) Scale Gelatin
Next Article in Special Issue
Characterization of the Jomthonic Acids Biosynthesis Pathway and Isolation of Novel Analogues in Streptomyces caniferus GUA-06-05-006A
Previous Article in Journal
Sorbicillinoid-Based Metabolites from a Sponge-Derived Fungus Trichoderma saturnisporum
Previous Article in Special Issue
Heterologous Expression of a VioA Variant Activates Cryptic Compounds in a Marine-Derived Brevibacterium Strain
Review

Harnessing Marine Biocatalytic Reservoirs for Green Chemistry Applications through Metagenomic Technologies

1
BIOMERIT Research Centre, School of Microbiology, University College Cork, T12 K8AF Cork, Ireland
2
School of Microbiology, University College Cork, T12 K8AF Cork, Ireland
3
Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, WA 6008, Australia
4
Human Microbiome Programme, School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(7), 227; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16070227
Received: 23 May 2018 / Revised: 13 June 2018 / Accepted: 22 June 2018 / Published: 4 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Gene Clusters of Marine Origin)
In a demanding commercial world, large-scale chemical processes have been widely utilised to satisfy consumer related needs. Chemical industries are key to promoting economic growth and meeting the requirements of a sustainable industrialised society. The market need for diverse commodities produced by the chemical industry is rapidly expanding globally. Accompanying this demand is an increased threat to the environment and to human health, due to waste produced by increased industrial production. This increased demand has underscored the necessity to increase reaction efficiencies, in order to reduce costs and increase profits. The discovery of novel biocatalysts is a key method aimed at combating these difficulties. Metagenomic technology, as a tool for uncovering novel biocatalysts, has great potential and applicability and has already delivered many successful achievements. In this review we discuss, recent developments and achievements in the field of biocatalysis. We highlight how green chemistry principles through the application of biocatalysis, can be successfully promoted and implemented in various industrial sectors. In addition, we demonstrate how two novel lipases/esterases were mined from the marine environment by metagenomic analysis. Collectively these improvements can result in increased efficiency, decreased energy consumption, reduced waste and cost savings for the chemical industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: green chemistry; chemical industries; biocatalysis; metagenomics; marine; biodiscovery; lipase; esterase green chemistry; chemical industries; biocatalysis; metagenomics; marine; biodiscovery; lipase; esterase
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Castilla, I.A.; Woods, D.F.; Reen, F.J.; O’Gara, F. Harnessing Marine Biocatalytic Reservoirs for Green Chemistry Applications through Metagenomic Technologies. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 227. https://doi.org/10.3390/md16070227

AMA Style

Castilla IA, Woods DF, Reen FJ, O’Gara F. Harnessing Marine Biocatalytic Reservoirs for Green Chemistry Applications through Metagenomic Technologies. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(7):227. https://doi.org/10.3390/md16070227

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castilla, Ignacio A., David F. Woods, F. J. Reen, and Fergal O’Gara. 2018. "Harnessing Marine Biocatalytic Reservoirs for Green Chemistry Applications through Metagenomic Technologies" Marine Drugs 16, no. 7: 227. https://doi.org/10.3390/md16070227

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop