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Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(7), 225; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16070225

Marine Skeletons: Towards Hard Tissue Repair and Regeneration

1
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35131, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2
Advanced Tissue Regeneration & Drug Delivery Group, School of Life Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 28 June 2018 / Published: 2 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Organisms for Bone Regeneration)
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Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders in the elderly have significantly increased due to the increase in an ageing population. The treatment of these diseases necessitates surgical procedures, including total joint replacements such as hip and knee joints. Over the years a number of treatment options have been specifically established which are either permanent or use temporary natural materials such as marine skeletons that possess unique architectural structure and chemical composition for the repair and regeneration of bone tissue. This review paper will give an overview of presently used materials and marine structures for hard tissue repair and regeneration, drugs of marine origin and other marine products which show potential for musculoskeletal treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine skeletons; musculoskeletal; bone repair; tissue regeneration; seashells; corals; seas urchin; cuttlebone marine skeletons; musculoskeletal; bone repair; tissue regeneration; seashells; corals; seas urchin; cuttlebone
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Macha, I.J.; Ben-Nissan, B. Marine Skeletons: Towards Hard Tissue Repair and Regeneration. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 225.

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