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Article

Epidemiological Surveillance of Eye Disease and People Awareness in the Abruzzo Region, Italy

1
Ophthalmology Clinic, Department of Medicine and Science of Ageing, University G. D’Annunzio Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
2
Italian National Centre of Services and Research for the Prevention of Blindness and Rehabilitation of the Visually Impaired-WHOCC, IAPB Italy Onlus-FPG IRCCS, 00185 Roma, Italy
3
Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies, Italian National Research Council (CNR-IRPPS), 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jack V. Greiner
Medicina 2021, 57(9), 978; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57090978
Received: 15 July 2021 / Revised: 1 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Ophthalmology)
Background and Objectives: Vision impairments and related blindness are major public health problems. The prevalence of eye disease and barriers to optimal care markedly vary among different geographic areas. In the Abruzzo region (central Italy), an epidemiological surveillance on the state of ocular health in the population aged over 50 years was performed in 2019. Materials and Methods: Participants were sampled to be representative of the region’s inhabitants. Data were collected through a telephone interview and an eye examination. Prevalence of cataract, glaucoma, retinopathy, and maculopathy was assessed. The Cohen’s kappa (k) was used to measure the agreement between the presence of eye disease and awareness of the disease by the participants. Results: Overall, 983 people with a mean age of 66.0 ± 9.5 years were included in the study. The prevalence of cataracts, glaucoma, maculopathy, and retinopathy was 52.6%, 5.3%, 5.6%, and 29.1%, respectively. Among the total of the affected people, those aware of their condition were 21.8% (k = 0.12, slight agreement) for cataract, 65.4% (k = 0.78, substantial agreement) for glaucoma, 7.1% (k = 0.10, slight agreement) for maculopathy, and 0% for retinopathy (k = −0.004, agreement lower than that expected by chance). Refractive defects were corrected in the vast majority of participants. Conclusion: In the Abruzzo region, about two thirds of citizens aged 50 years or over suffer from cataract, glaucoma, retinopathy, or maculopathy, which are recognized as leading causes of blindness. Many people with eye disease do not know they have it. These data can be used by clinicians and policymakers to undertake clinical, political, and social actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: population screening; eye disease; prevalence; awareness population screening; eye disease; prevalence; awareness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mastropasqua, L.; D’Aloisio, R.; Mastrocola, A.; Perna, F.; Cerino, L.; Cerbara, L.; Cruciani, F.; Toto, L. Epidemiological Surveillance of Eye Disease and People Awareness in the Abruzzo Region, Italy. Medicina 2021, 57, 978. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57090978

AMA Style

Mastropasqua L, D’Aloisio R, Mastrocola A, Perna F, Cerino L, Cerbara L, Cruciani F, Toto L. Epidemiological Surveillance of Eye Disease and People Awareness in the Abruzzo Region, Italy. Medicina. 2021; 57(9):978. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57090978

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mastropasqua, Leonardo, Rossella D’Aloisio, Alessandra Mastrocola, Fabiana Perna, Luca Cerino, Loredana Cerbara, Filippo Cruciani, and Lisa Toto. 2021. "Epidemiological Surveillance of Eye Disease and People Awareness in the Abruzzo Region, Italy" Medicina 57, no. 9: 978. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57090978

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