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Article

The Impact of and Adaptations Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Histopathological Diagnosis of Skin Pathologies, Including Non-Melanocyte and Melanoma Skin Cancers—A Single-Center Study in Romania

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Doctoral School of Medicine and Pharmacy, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, 540142 Targu Mures, Romania
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Pathology Department, Mures Clinical County Hospital, 540011 Targu Mures, Romania
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Fundamental Prophylactic and Clinical Disciplines Department, Faculty of Medicine, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500003 Brașov, Romania
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Clinical Infectious Diseases Hospital of Brasov, 500174 Brasov, Romania
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Dermatology Department, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, 540142 Targu Mures, Romania
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Pathophysiology Department, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, 540142 Targu Mures, Romania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paola Savoia and Elisa Zavattaro
Medicina 2021, 57(6), 533; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060533
Received: 18 May 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 25 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Perspectives in the Treatment of Skin Disease)
Background and Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has globally affected health systems and services. Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are the most common malignancies around the world. This study aimed to analyze the differences in the benign and malignant histopathological diagnoses performed on radical excision skin tumors and skin biopsies in the dermatopathology ward in Mures Clinical County Hospital, Targu Mures, Romania, 1 year prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic, to emphasize the changes in the diagnostic process as per the new regulations. Materials and Methods: A total of 1168 histopathological diagnoses were included in the study—302 from the COVID-19 period and 866 from the non-COVID-19 period—considering the number, type, and frequency of the histopathological diagnoses as variables to be analyzed. Results: In the COVID-19 period, out of the 55 NMSC and melanoma histopathological diagnoses, 50.9% (n = 28) were BCCs, 20% (n = 11) were SCCs, 10.9% (n = 6) were basosquamous cell carcinomas, and 18.18% (n = 10) were melanoma cases. Regarding the non-COVID-19 period, out of the 173 NMSC and melanoma histopathological diagnoses, 46.82% (n = 81) were BCCs, 22.54% (n = 39) were SCCs, 7.51% (n = 13) were basosquamous cell carcinomas, and 23.12% (n = 40) were melanoma cases. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, a decrease in histopathological diagnoses at the dermatopathology ward in our hospital was observed, for both benign and malignant pathologies, especially for NMSCs and melanomas, compared to the same period 1 year prior to the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; non-melanocytic cancers; histopathology COVID-19 pandemic; non-melanocytic cancers; histopathology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cocuz, I.-G.; Cocuz, M.-E.; Niculescu, R.; Șincu, M.C.; Tinca, A.C.; Sabău, A.-H.; Chiorean, D.M.; Morariu, S.H.; Cotoi, O.S. The Impact of and Adaptations Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Histopathological Diagnosis of Skin Pathologies, Including Non-Melanocyte and Melanoma Skin Cancers—A Single-Center Study in Romania. Medicina 2021, 57, 533. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060533

AMA Style

Cocuz I-G, Cocuz M-E, Niculescu R, Șincu MC, Tinca AC, Sabău A-H, Chiorean DM, Morariu SH, Cotoi OS. The Impact of and Adaptations Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Histopathological Diagnosis of Skin Pathologies, Including Non-Melanocyte and Melanoma Skin Cancers—A Single-Center Study in Romania. Medicina. 2021; 57(6):533. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060533

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cocuz, Iuliu-Gabriel, Maria-Elena Cocuz, Raluca Niculescu, Mihaela Cornelia Șincu, Andreea Cătălina Tinca, Adrian-Horațiu Sabău, Diana Maria Chiorean, Silviu Horia Morariu, and Ovidiu Simion Cotoi. 2021. "The Impact of and Adaptations Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Histopathological Diagnosis of Skin Pathologies, Including Non-Melanocyte and Melanoma Skin Cancers—A Single-Center Study in Romania" Medicina 57, no. 6: 533. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57060533

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