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Article

The ICF Classification System to Assess Risk Factors for CVD in Secondary Prevention after Ischemic Stroke and Intracerebral Hemorrhage

1
Department of Cardiology, Hospital Center of the Jelenia Góra Valley, 58-506 Jelenia Góra, Poland
2
Department of Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy, University of Medical Sciences, 60-545 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sun Im
Medicina 2021, 57(3), 190; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57030190
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 19 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 24 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Treatment and Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke)
Background and objectives: Patients with a history of prior stroke have a high risk for subsequent cardiovascular events (CVD). Therefore, the implementation of an effective strategy to reduce risk factors and thereby improve secondary prevention outcomes is crucial in this patient population. The aim of this study was to determine differences in the incidence of risk factors for recurrent CVD events based on clinical type of prior stroke and to characterize them using the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) classification system. Materials and Methods: The incidence of risk factors for recurrent CVD events were retrospectively analyzed in 109 patients with a history of ischemic stroke (IS) and 80 patients with a history of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) within 14 days poststroke. Results: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (p = 0.031), >70% carotid artery stenosis (p = 0.004), blood pressure >140/90 mmHg (p = 0.025), blood HbA1c levels >7% (p = 0.002), smoking (p = 0.026) and NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) use (p < 0.001) were significantly more common in patients with a history of ischemic stroke. However, liver function test abnormalities were observed more commonly in patients with a history of hemorrhagic stroke (p = 0.025). Conclusions: The incidence and type of risk factors for recurrent CVD events vary according to the clinical type of prior stroke. The ICF classification system is a useful tool for evaluating these risk factors. This may help reduce the risk of subsequent CVD events. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; CVD risk factors; secondary prevention; ICF stroke; CVD risk factors; secondary prevention; ICF
MDPI and ACS Style

Lucki, M.; Chlebuś, E.; Wareńczak, A.; Lisiński, P. The ICF Classification System to Assess Risk Factors for CVD in Secondary Prevention after Ischemic Stroke and Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Medicina 2021, 57, 190. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57030190

AMA Style

Lucki M, Chlebuś E, Wareńczak A, Lisiński P. The ICF Classification System to Assess Risk Factors for CVD in Secondary Prevention after Ischemic Stroke and Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Medicina. 2021; 57(3):190. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57030190

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lucki, Mateusz, Ewa Chlebuś, Agnieszka Wareńczak, and Przemysław Lisiński. 2021. "The ICF Classification System to Assess Risk Factors for CVD in Secondary Prevention after Ischemic Stroke and Intracerebral Hemorrhage" Medicina 57, no. 3: 190. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57030190

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