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Review

COVID-19 and Its Repercussions on Oral Health: A Review

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Department of Oral Pathology, Multidisciplinary Center for Research, Evaluation, Diagnosis and Therapies in Oral Medicine, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 2 Eftimie Murgu Sq., 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Technology of Materials and Devices in Dental Medicine, Multidisciplinary Center for Research, Evaluation, Diagnosis and Therapies in Oral Medicine, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 2 Eftimie Murgu Sq., 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Preventive Dentistry, Community and Oral Health, Translational and Experimental Clinical Research Center in Oral Health, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 2 Eftimie Murgu Sq., 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Implant Supported Restorations, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 2 Eftimie Murgu Sq., 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Cesare D’Amico and Pier Paolo Poli
Medicina 2021, 57(11), 1189; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57111189
Received: 6 October 2021 / Revised: 23 October 2021 / Accepted: 28 October 2021 / Published: 1 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Care and Oral Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic)
In 2019, a new type of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, the causing agent of COVID-19, was first detected in Wuhan, China. On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic. The manifestations of COVID-19 are mostly age-dependent and potentially more severe in cases with involved co-morbidities. The gravity of the symptoms depends on the clinical stage of the infection. The most common symptoms include runny nose and nasal congestion, anosmia, dysgeusia or hypogeusia, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, respiratory distress, fatigue, ocular symptoms, diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. These systemic conditions are often accompanied by skin and mucosal lesions. Oral lesions reported in patients with COVID-19 include: herpex simplex, candidiasis, geographic tongue, aphthous-like ulcers, hemorrhagic ulcerations, necrotic ulcerations, white hairy tongue, reddish macules, erythematous surfaces, petechiae, and pustular enanthema. It is still unclear if these manifestations are a direct result of the viral infection, a consequence of systemic deterioration, or adverse reactions to treatments. Poor oral hygiene in hospitalized or quarantined COVID-19 patients should also be considered as an aggravating condition. This narrative review is focused on presenting the most relevant data from the literature regarding oral manifestations related to SARS-CoV-2, as well as the challenges faced by the dental system during this pandemic. A routine intraoral examination is recommended in COVID-19 patients, either suspected or confirmed, as, in certain cases, oral manifestations represent a sign of severe infection or even of a life-threatening condition. It is our belief that extensive knowledge of all possible manifestations, including oral lesions, in cases of COVID-19 is of great importance in the present uncertain context, including new, currently emerging viral variants with unknown future impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; pandemic; oral lesions; oral manifestations; periodontal disease; temporomandibular disorders; dental medicine COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; pandemic; oral lesions; oral manifestations; periodontal disease; temporomandibular disorders; dental medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rusu, L.-C.; Ardelean, L.C.; Tigmeanu, C.V.; Matichescu, A.; Sauciur, I.; Bratu, E.A. COVID-19 and Its Repercussions on Oral Health: A Review. Medicina 2021, 57, 1189. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57111189

AMA Style

Rusu L-C, Ardelean LC, Tigmeanu CV, Matichescu A, Sauciur I, Bratu EA. COVID-19 and Its Repercussions on Oral Health: A Review. Medicina. 2021; 57(11):1189. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57111189

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rusu, Laura-Cristina, Lavinia C. Ardelean, Codruta V. Tigmeanu, Anamaria Matichescu, Iulia Sauciur, and Emanuel A. Bratu. 2021. "COVID-19 and Its Repercussions on Oral Health: A Review" Medicina 57, no. 11: 1189. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57111189

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