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Article

Medical-Grade Honey Outperforms Conventional Treatments for Healing Cold Sores—A Clinical Study

1
Saudi German Hospitals and Clinics, Department of Dermatology, Hessa Street 331 West, Al Barsha 3, Exit 36 Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai P.O. Box 391093, United Arab Emirates
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Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis-Mezurlo, 41500 Larisa, Greece
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Department of Dentistry, Radboud University Medical Center, Philips van Leydenlaan 25, 6525 EX Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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LERAM Pharmaceuticals s.r.o., Páteřní 1216/7, 63500 Brno, Czech Republic
5
Triticum Exploitatie BV, Sleperweg 44, 6222 NK Maastricht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zoidis Grigoris
Pharmaceuticals 2021, 14(12), 1264; https://doi.org/10.3390/ph14121264
Received: 5 November 2021 / Revised: 30 November 2021 / Accepted: 2 December 2021 / Published: 4 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antiviral Drugs 2021)
Cold sores are nasolabial blisters caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections. Novel therapies demonstrating simultaneously antiviral activity and improved wound healing are warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of medical-grade honey (MGH) for treating HSV-induced cold sores. A crossover trial was performed in patients with recurrent cold sores (n = 29). The majority (65.6%) of these patients experience four or more episodes per year, thus forming a valid self-control group. In this study, patients applied an MGH-based formulation (L-Mesitran Soft) on their cold sore at the onset of symptoms (62.1%) or appearing of blister (37.9%) and compared it to their conventional treatments. After complete healing, patients filled in a questionnaire evaluating healing, pain, and itching. The average absolute healing time was 72.4% slower with conventional treatment (10.0 days) compared to MGH (5.8 days). After MGH treatment, 86.2% of all patients experienced faster objective healing (6.9% similar and 6.9% slower) and the subjective healing score was higher in 79.3% of the patients (20.7% similar). If the patients normally experience pain and itching during their cold sores, these levels were lower with MGH therapy compared to conventional treatment in 72.7% and 71.4% of the patients, respectively. Moreover, 100% of the patients prefer MGH treatment over conventional treatment and will use it again on future cold sores. MGH is a promising alternative treatment for cold sores, likely by combining both increased antiviral and wound healing activities while alleviating pain and itching. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical-grade honey; herpes simplex virus; cold sores; wounds; pain; itch medical-grade honey; herpes simplex virus; cold sores; wounds; pain; itch
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MDPI and ACS Style

Naik, P.P.; Mossialos, D.; Wijk, B.v.; Novakova, P.; Wagener, F.A.D.T.G.; Cremers, N.A.J. Medical-Grade Honey Outperforms Conventional Treatments for Healing Cold Sores—A Clinical Study. Pharmaceuticals 2021, 14, 1264. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph14121264

AMA Style

Naik PP, Mossialos D, Wijk Bv, Novakova P, Wagener FADTG, Cremers NAJ. Medical-Grade Honey Outperforms Conventional Treatments for Healing Cold Sores—A Clinical Study. Pharmaceuticals. 2021; 14(12):1264. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph14121264

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naik, Piyu P., Dimitris Mossialos, Bas v. Wijk, Petra Novakova, Frank A.D.T.G. Wagener, and Niels A.J. Cremers. 2021. "Medical-Grade Honey Outperforms Conventional Treatments for Healing Cold Sores—A Clinical Study" Pharmaceuticals 14, no. 12: 1264. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph14121264

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