Next Article in Journal
LoRaWAN Physical Layer-Based Attacks and Countermeasures, A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Acoustic- and Radio-Frequency-Based Human Activity Recognition
Article

Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of the Drop Impact for a Multiphase System Formed by Two Immiscible Fluids

Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Seung-bok Choi
Sensors 2022, 22(9), 3126; https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093126
Received: 1 March 2022 / Revised: 15 April 2022 / Accepted: 18 April 2022 / Published: 19 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sensing)
The multiphase splash phenomenon is especially interesting in the context of environmental protection, as it could be a mechanism for transporting various types of pollution. A numerical 3D multiphase transport model was applied to a splash that occurred under the impact of a petrol drop on the water surface. The splash phenomenon in immiscible liquids was simulated using the multiphaseInterFoam solver, i.e., a part of the OpenFOAM computational fluid dynamics software implementing the finite volume method (FVM) for space discretization. Thirteen variants with a variable drop size (3.00–3.60 mm) or drop velocity (3.29–3.44 m/s) were conducted and validated experimentally based on splash images taken by a high-speed camera (2800 fps). Based on the numerical simulation, it was possible to analyse aspects that were difficult or impossible to achieve experimentally due to the limitations of the image analysis method. The aspects included the cavity spread, the jet forming moment, and, notably, the scale of the petroleum contamination spread in the splash effect. The simulations showed that droplets detaching from the crown did not consist of pure water but were mostly a “mixture” of water and petrol or petrol alone. The applied modelling workflow is an efficient way to simulate three-phase splash phenomena. View Full-Text
Keywords: splash phenomenon; petroleum contamination; multiphaseInterFoam solver splash phenomenon; petroleum contamination; multiphaseInterFoam solver
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sochan, A.; Lamorski, K.; Bieganowski, A. Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of the Drop Impact for a Multiphase System Formed by Two Immiscible Fluids. Sensors 2022, 22, 3126. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093126

AMA Style

Sochan A, Lamorski K, Bieganowski A. Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of the Drop Impact for a Multiphase System Formed by Two Immiscible Fluids. Sensors. 2022; 22(9):3126. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093126

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sochan, Agata, Krzysztof Lamorski, and Andrzej Bieganowski. 2022. "Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of the Drop Impact for a Multiphase System Formed by Two Immiscible Fluids" Sensors 22, no. 9: 3126. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093126

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop