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Industry 4.0 Readiness Calculation—Transitional Strategy Definition by Decision Support Systems

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Ivana Lucica 5, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Academic Editor: Jorn Mehnen
Sensors 2022, 22(3), 1185; https://doi.org/10.3390/s22031185
Received: 28 December 2021 / Revised: 18 January 2022 / Accepted: 27 January 2022 / Published: 4 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic New Frontiers in Industry 4.0)
The digitization of the manufacturing industry, 10 years after the introduction of the Industry 4.0 concept, is still one of the most demanding tasks for the companies, especially for SMEs. As one of the biggest barriers in new business model implementation, the lack of strategy and workforce skills is frequently mentioned in the literature. The high level of investments it requires and the perception of high risks with unclear future benefits can be avoided with readiness factor calculation. This paper presents a novel model for readiness factor calculation, oriented to process planning and based on decision support systems. The model enables the definition of the optimal strategic plan for the digitization with the use of decision support systems (analytic hierarchy process) and through the use of statistical methods implemented within the model it minimizes the influence of human subjectivity and quantification of qualitative criteria. This innovative approach enables the understanding of the transition process to new technology-enabled business models, in this case oriented towards process planning. The useability and reliability of the model is proven in a case study of a metal machining company. View Full-Text
Keywords: Industry 4.0; process planning; readiness factor; maturity; digitization; strategy; analytic hierarchy process; decision support Industry 4.0; process planning; readiness factor; maturity; digitization; strategy; analytic hierarchy process; decision support
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trstenjak, M.; Opetuk, T.; Cajner, H.; Hegedić, M. Industry 4.0 Readiness Calculation—Transitional Strategy Definition by Decision Support Systems. Sensors 2022, 22, 1185. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22031185

AMA Style

Trstenjak M, Opetuk T, Cajner H, Hegedić M. Industry 4.0 Readiness Calculation—Transitional Strategy Definition by Decision Support Systems. Sensors. 2022; 22(3):1185. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22031185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trstenjak, Maja, Tihomir Opetuk, Hrvoje Cajner, and Miro Hegedić. 2022. "Industry 4.0 Readiness Calculation—Transitional Strategy Definition by Decision Support Systems" Sensors 22, no. 3: 1185. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22031185

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