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Open AccessArticle

Systematic Performance Evaluation of a Novel Optimized Differential Localization Method for Capsule Endoscopes

1
Institute for Electronics Engineering, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), 91058 Erlangen, Germany
2
Department of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Zeising, S.; Ararat, K.; Thalmayer, A.; Anzai, D.; Fischer, G.; Kirchner, J. Performance Optimization of a Differential Method for Localization of Capsule Endoscopes. Engineering Proceedings 2020, 2, 31. doi:10.3390/ecsa-7-08271.
Academic Editor: Stefano Mariani
Sensors 2021, 21(9), 3180; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093180
Received: 6 April 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 3 May 2021
Capsule endoscopy is a well-established diagnostic tool for the gastrointestinal tract. However, the reliable tracking of capsule endoscopes needs further investigation. Recently, the static magnetic differential method for the localization of capsule endoscopes has shown promising results. This method was experimentally validated by investigating the difference in the measured values of the geomagnetic flux density of a representative sensor pair. In the measurements, it was revealed that misalignment of the sensors and ferromagnetic material near the sensor pair had the most significant impact on the differential approach. Besides, a systematical simulation-based study was conducted. Herein, the position and alignment of all sensors of the localization system were randomly varied. Furthermore, root-mean-squared noise was added to the sensor measurements, and the influence of nearby ferromagnetic material was evaluated. Subsequently, non-idealities were applied simultaneously on the proposed localization system, and the entire system was rotated. The proposed method was significantly better than state-of-the-art geomagnetic compensation methods for the localization of capsule endoscopes with mean position and orientation errors of approximately 2 mm and 1°, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: geomagnetic compensation; magnetic localization; wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) geomagnetic compensation; magnetic localization; wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeising, S.; Ararat, K.; Thalmayer, A.; Anzai, D.; Fischer, G.; Kirchner, J. Systematic Performance Evaluation of a Novel Optimized Differential Localization Method for Capsule Endoscopes. Sensors 2021, 21, 3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093180

AMA Style

Zeising S, Ararat K, Thalmayer A, Anzai D, Fischer G, Kirchner J. Systematic Performance Evaluation of a Novel Optimized Differential Localization Method for Capsule Endoscopes. Sensors. 2021; 21(9):3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093180

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeising, Samuel; Ararat, Kivanc; Thalmayer, Angelika; Anzai, Daisuke; Fischer, Georg; Kirchner, Jens. 2021. "Systematic Performance Evaluation of a Novel Optimized Differential Localization Method for Capsule Endoscopes" Sensors 21, no. 9: 3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21093180

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