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Open AccessReview

Recent Trends in the Improvement of the Electrochemical Response of Screen-Printed Electrodes by Their Modification with Shaped Metal Nanoparticles

1
Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Escola d’Enginyeria de Barcelona Est (EEBE), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, BarcelonaTEch (UPC), Av. Eduard Maristany 16, 08019 Barcelona, Spain
2
Barcelona Research Center for Multiscale Science and Engineering, Av. Eduard Maristany 16, 08019 Barcelona, Spain
3
Grup de Biotecnologia Molecular i Industrial, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Rambla Sant Nebridi 22, Edifici Gaia TR14, 08222 Terrassa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Danila Moscone
Sensors 2021, 21(8), 2596; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082596
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 1 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Screen-Printed Electrodes for Sensing)
Novel sensing technologies proposed must fulfill the demands of wastewater treatment plants, the food industry, and environmental control agencies: simple, fast, inexpensive, and reliable methodologies for onsite screening, monitoring, and analysis. These represent alternatives to conventional analytical methods (ICP-MS and LC-MS) that require expensive and non-portable instrumentation. This needs to be controlled by qualified technicians, resulting moreover in a long delay between sampling and high-cost analysis. Electrochemical analysis based on screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) represents an excellent miniaturized and portable alternative due to their disposable character, good reproducibility, and low-cost commercial availability. SPEs application is widely extended, which makes it important to design functionalization strategies to improve their analytical response. In this sense, different types of nanoparticles (NPs) have been used to enhance the electrochemical features of SPEs. NPs size (1–100 nm) provides them with unique optical, mechanical, electrical, and chemical properties that give the modified SPEs increased electrode surface area, increased mass-transport rate, and faster electron transfer. Recent progress in nanoscale material science has led to the creation of reproducible, customizable, and simple synthetic procedures to obtain a wide variety of shaped NPs. This mini-review attempts to present an overview of the enhancement of the electrochemical response of SPEs when NPs with different morphologies are used for their surface modification View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; nanomaterials; shape; screen-printed electrodes; electrochemistry; surface-modification nanoparticles; nanomaterials; shape; screen-printed electrodes; electrochemistry; surface-modification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres-Rivero, K.; Florido, A.; Bastos-Arrieta, J. Recent Trends in the Improvement of the Electrochemical Response of Screen-Printed Electrodes by Their Modification with Shaped Metal Nanoparticles. Sensors 2021, 21, 2596. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082596

AMA Style

Torres-Rivero K, Florido A, Bastos-Arrieta J. Recent Trends in the Improvement of the Electrochemical Response of Screen-Printed Electrodes by Their Modification with Shaped Metal Nanoparticles. Sensors. 2021; 21(8):2596. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082596

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torres-Rivero, Karina; Florido, Antonio; Bastos-Arrieta, Julio. 2021. "Recent Trends in the Improvement of the Electrochemical Response of Screen-Printed Electrodes by Their Modification with Shaped Metal Nanoparticles" Sensors 21, no. 8: 2596. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082596

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