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Open AccessArticle

Automated Real-Time Evaluation of Condylar Movement in Relation to Three-Dimensional Craniofacial and Temporomandibular Morphometry in Patients with Facial Asymmetry

Department of Orthodontics, Kyung Hee University School of Dentistry, Seoul 02447, Korea
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Academic Editor: Amir Rahmani
Sensors 2021, 21(8), 2591; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082591
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 29 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Wearables)
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between craniofacial morphology, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) characteristics, and condylar functional movement in patients with facial asymmetry using an up-to-date automated real-time jaw-tracking system. A total of 30 patients with mandibular asymmetry and prognathism were included. Three-dimensional (3D) craniofacial and TMJ morphometric variables were analyzed in images captured using cone-beam computed tomography. Three-dimensional condylar movements were recorded during the opening, protrusion, and laterotrusion of the jaw and divided into those for deviated and non-deviated sides. Overall functional and morphometric variables were compared between the sides by a paired t-test. Pearson’s correlation analysis and factor analysis were also performed. As a result, significant differences were found between the sides in morphometric and functional variables. The condylar path length was significantly longer and steeper on the deviated side during protrusion and lateral excursion. TMJ morphometric asymmetry, more so than the craniofacial morphologic asymmetry, seemed to be reflected in the functional asymmetry, representing different correlations between the sides, as supported by factor analysis. This study provides evidence explaining why the asymmetric condylar path remained unchanged even after orthognathic surgery for the correction of craniofacial asymmetry. View Full-Text
Keywords: mandibular asymmetry; temporomandibular joint; condylar movement; cone-beam computed tomography; ultrasonic jaw-tracking system mandibular asymmetry; temporomandibular joint; condylar movement; cone-beam computed tomography; ultrasonic jaw-tracking system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, W.-J.; Park, K.-H.; Kang, Y.-G.; Kim, S.-J. Automated Real-Time Evaluation of Condylar Movement in Relation to Three-Dimensional Craniofacial and Temporomandibular Morphometry in Patients with Facial Asymmetry. Sensors 2021, 21, 2591. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082591

AMA Style

Lee W-J, Park K-H, Kang Y-G, Kim S-J. Automated Real-Time Evaluation of Condylar Movement in Relation to Three-Dimensional Craniofacial and Temporomandibular Morphometry in Patients with Facial Asymmetry. Sensors. 2021; 21(8):2591. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082591

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Won-June; Park, Ki-Ho; Kang, Yoon-Goo; Kim, Su-Jung. 2021. "Automated Real-Time Evaluation of Condylar Movement in Relation to Three-Dimensional Craniofacial and Temporomandibular Morphometry in Patients with Facial Asymmetry" Sensors 21, no. 8: 2591. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082591

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