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Review

A Comprehensive Review on Smart Grids: Challenges and Opportunities

1
Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Unidad Zacatenco, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México 07340, Mexico
2
Escuela Superior de Turismo, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México 07630, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fco Javier Rodríguez
Sensors 2021, 21(21), 6978; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216978
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 17 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Sensor for Smartgrids and Microgrids)
Recently, the operation of distribution systems does not depend on the state or utility based on centralized procedures, but rather the decentralization of the decisions of the distribution companies whose objectives are the efficiency of interconnectivity. Therefore, distribution companies are exposed to greater risks, and due to this, the need to make decisions based on increasingly reliable models has grown up considerably. Therefore, we present a survey of key aspects, technologies, protocols, and case studies of the current and future trend of Smart Grids. This work proposes a taxonomy of a large number of technologies in Smart Grids and their applications in scenarios of Smart Networks, Neural Networks, Blockchain, Industrial Internet of Things, or Software-Defined Networks. Therefore, this work summarizes the main features of 94 research articles ranging the last four years. We classify these survey, according Smart Grid Network Topologies, because it can group as the main axis the sensors applied to Smart Grids, as it shows us the interconnection forms generalization of the Smart Networks with respect to the sensors found in a home or industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart sensors; Smart Grids; advanced sensors; smart metering; Industrial Internet of Things; applications in power distribution lines smart sensors; Smart Grids; advanced sensors; smart metering; Industrial Internet of Things; applications in power distribution lines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno Escobar, J.J.; Morales Matamoros, O.; Tejeida Padilla, R.; Lina Reyes, I.; Quintana Espinosa, H. A Comprehensive Review on Smart Grids: Challenges and Opportunities. Sensors 2021, 21, 6978. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216978

AMA Style

Moreno Escobar JJ, Morales Matamoros O, Tejeida Padilla R, Lina Reyes I, Quintana Espinosa H. A Comprehensive Review on Smart Grids: Challenges and Opportunities. Sensors. 2021; 21(21):6978. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216978

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreno Escobar, Jesús J., Oswaldo Morales Matamoros, Ricardo Tejeida Padilla, Ixchel Lina Reyes, and Hugo Quintana Espinosa. 2021. "A Comprehensive Review on Smart Grids: Challenges and Opportunities" Sensors 21, no. 21: 6978. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21216978

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