As the railway overhead contact system (OCS) is the key component along the high-speed railway, it is crucial to detect the quality of the OCS. Compared with conventional manual OCS detection, the vehicle-mounted Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology has advantages such as high efficiency and precision, which can solve the problems of OCS detection difficulty, low efficiency, and high risk. Aiming at the contact cables, return current cables, and catenary cables in the railway vehicle-mounted LiDAR OCS point cloud, this paper used a scale adaptive feature classification algorithm and the DBSCAN (density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise) algorithm considering OCS characteristics to classify the OCS point cloud. Finally, the return current cables, catenary cables, and contact cables in the OCS were accurately classified and extracted. To verify the accuracy of the method presented in this paper, we compared the experimental results of this article with the classification results of TerraSolid, and the classification results were evaluated in terms of four accuracy indicators. According to statistics, the average accuracy of using this method to extract two sets of OCS point clouds is 99.83% and 99.89%, respectively; the average precision is 100% and 99.97%, respectively; the average recall is 99.16% and 99.42%, respectively; and the average overall accuracy is 99.58% and 99.69% respectively, which is overall better than TerraSolid. The experimental results showed that this approach could accurately and quickly extract the complete OCS from the point cloud. It provides a new method for processing railway OCS point clouds and has high engineering application value in railway component detection.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited