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Review

Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics

1
Department of Renewable Marine Resources, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (ICM-CSIC), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
2
Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (SZN), 80122 Naples, Italy
3
Centro di Ricerca Ingegneria e Trasformazioni Agroalimentari, Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l’Analisi dell’Economia Agraria (CREA), 00015 Rome, Italy
4
The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (SSAA), 56127 Pisa, Italy
5
Lincoln Institute for Agri-food Technology (LIAT), University of Lincoln, Lincoln LN6 7TS, UK
6
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR), 40129 Bologna, Italy
7
Department of Life and Environmental Science, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
8
Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
9
School of Life Sciences, University of Westminster, London W1W 6UW, UK
10
Spartan Space, 13275 Marseille, France
11
Compagnie Maritime d’Expertises (COMEX), 13275 Marseille, France
12
Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, Jacobs University, 28759 Bremen, Germany
13
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR), 19032 La Spezia, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Last active affiliation.
Academic Editor: Antonio M. Pascoal
Sensors 2021, 21(11), 3778; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113778
Received: 14 April 2021 / Revised: 17 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
Mechatronic and soft robotics are taking inspiration from the animal kingdom to create new high-performance robots. Here, we focused on marine biomimetic research and used innovative bibliographic statistics tools, to highlight established and emerging knowledge domains. A total of 6980 scientific publications retrieved from the Scopus database (1950–2020), evidencing a sharp research increase in 2003–2004. Clustering analysis of countries collaborations showed two major Asian-North America and European clusters. Three significant areas appeared: (i) energy provision, whose advancement mainly relies on microbial fuel cells, (ii) biomaterials for not yet fully operational soft-robotic solutions; and finally (iii), design and control, chiefly oriented to locomotor designs. In this scenario, marine biomimicking robotics still lacks solutions for the long-lasting energy provision, which presently hinders operation autonomy. In the research environment, identifying natural processes by which living organisms obtain energy is thus urgent to sustain energy-demanding tasks while, at the same time, the natural designs must increasingly inform to optimize energy consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine biomimetics; bibliographic statistics; energy provision; biomaterials; locomotor designs; optimal energy consumption marine biomimetics; bibliographic statistics; energy provision; biomaterials; locomotor designs; optimal energy consumption
Show Figures

Figure 1

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.13337327.v1
    Link: https://figshare.com/s/4e2f76d5056beb7c0f97
    Description: Bibliographic citation file (.ris; Research Information Systems) containing the database of the publications extracted from SCOPUS, related to "biomimicking" and avoiding biomedicine and agricultural oriented results, for the period 1950-2020 (as on August 27th 2020)
MDPI and ACS Style

Aguzzi, J.; Costa, C.; Calisti, M.; Funari, V.; Stefanni, S.; Danovaro, R.; Gomes, H.I.; Vecchi, F.; Dartnell, L.R.; Weiss, P.; Nowak, K.; Chatzievangelou, D.; Marini, S. Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics. Sensors 2021, 21, 3778. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113778

AMA Style

Aguzzi J, Costa C, Calisti M, Funari V, Stefanni S, Danovaro R, Gomes HI, Vecchi F, Dartnell LR, Weiss P, Nowak K, Chatzievangelou D, Marini S. Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics. Sensors. 2021; 21(11):3778. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113778

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aguzzi, Jacopo, Corrado Costa, Marcello Calisti, Valerio Funari, Sergio Stefanni, Roberto Danovaro, Helena I. Gomes, Fabrizio Vecchi, Lewis R. Dartnell, Peter Weiss, Kathrin Nowak, Damianos Chatzievangelou, and Simone Marini. 2021. "Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics" Sensors 21, no. 11: 3778. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113778

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