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Article

Crowd-Based Cognitive Perception of the Physical World: Towards the Internet of Senses

1
WiLAB, CNIT, DEI, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
2
WiLAB, CNIT, DEI, University of Bologna-Cesena Campus, Viale dell’Università 50, 47522 Cesena, Italy
3
WiLAB, CNIT, IEIIT, CNR, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(9), 2437; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092437
Received: 21 March 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 25 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensor Network Signal Processing)
This paper introduces a possible architecture and discusses the research directions for the realization of the Cognitive Perceptual Internet (CPI), which is enabled by the convergence of wired and wireless communications, traditional sensor networks, mobile crowd-sensing, and machine learning techniques. The CPI concept stems from the fact that mobile devices, such as smartphones and wearables, are becoming an outstanding mean for zero-effort world-sensing and digitalization thanks to their pervasive diffusion and the increasing number of embedded sensors. Data collected by such devices provide unprecedented insights into the physical world that can be inferred through cognitive processes, thus originating a digital sixth sense. In this paper, we describe how the Internet can behave like a sensing brain, thus evolving into the Internet of Senses, with network-based cognitive perception and action capabilities built upon mobile crowd-sensing mechanisms. The new concept of hyper-map is envisioned as an efficient geo-referenced repository of knowledge about the physical world. Such knowledge is acquired and augmented through heterogeneous sensors, multi-user cooperation and distributed learning mechanisms. Furthermore, we indicate the possibility to accommodate proactive sensors, in addition to common reactive sensors such as cameras, antennas, thermometers and inertial measurement units, by exploiting massive antenna arrays at millimeter-waves to enhance mobile terminals perception capabilities as well as the range of new applications. Finally, we distillate some insights about the challenges arising in the realization of the CPI, corroborated by preliminary results, and we depict a futuristic scenario where the proposed Internet of Senses becomes true. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; Cognitive Internet; Crowd Mapping; Crowd-Sensing; Personal Radar; Localization; Millimeter-waves Internet of Things; Cognitive Internet; Crowd Mapping; Crowd-Sensing; Personal Radar; Localization; Millimeter-waves
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pasolini, G.; Guerra, A.; Guidi, F.; Decarli, N.; Dardari, D. Crowd-Based Cognitive Perception of the Physical World: Towards the Internet of Senses. Sensors 2020, 20, 2437. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092437

AMA Style

Pasolini G, Guerra A, Guidi F, Decarli N, Dardari D. Crowd-Based Cognitive Perception of the Physical World: Towards the Internet of Senses. Sensors. 2020; 20(9):2437. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092437

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pasolini, Gianni; Guerra, Anna; Guidi, Francesco; Decarli, Nicolò; Dardari, Davide. 2020. "Crowd-Based Cognitive Perception of the Physical World: Towards the Internet of Senses" Sensors 20, no. 9: 2437. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092437

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