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Open AccessArticle

Healthy Operator 4.0: A Human Cyber–Physical System Architecture for Smart Workplaces

1
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales (ETSII), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
2
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3
ICT for Sustainable Manufacturing, SCI-STI-DK, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
4
Jülich Supercomputing Center, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Wilhelm-Wohnen-Str, 52428 Jülich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(7), 2011; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072011
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
Recent advances in technology have empowered the widespread application of cyber–physical systems in manufacturing and fostered the Industry 4.0 paradigm. In the factories of the future, it is possible that all items, including operators, will be equipped with integrated communication and data processing capabilities. Operators can become part of the smart manufacturing systems, and this fosters a paradigm shift from independent automated and human activities to human–cyber–physical systems (HCPSs). In this context, a Healthy Operator 4.0 (HO4.0) concept was proposed, based on a systemic view of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and wearable technology. For the implementation of this relatively new concept, we constructed a unified architecture to support the integration of different enabling technologies. We designed an implementation model to facilitate the practical application of this concept in industry. The main enabling technologies of the model are introduced afterward. In addition, a prototype system was developed, and relevant experiments were conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed system architecture and the implementation framework, as well as some of the derived benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy operator 4.0; human–cyber–physical system; industrial internet of things; industry 4.0; smart workplaces healthy operator 4.0; human–cyber–physical system; industrial internet of things; industry 4.0; smart workplaces
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, S.; Zheng, X.; Gong, B.; García Paredes, J.; Ordieres-Meré, J. Healthy Operator 4.0: A Human Cyber–Physical System Architecture for Smart Workplaces. Sensors 2020, 20, 2011. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072011

AMA Style

Sun S, Zheng X, Gong B, García Paredes J, Ordieres-Meré J. Healthy Operator 4.0: A Human Cyber–Physical System Architecture for Smart Workplaces. Sensors. 2020; 20(7):2011. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072011

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Shengjing; Zheng, Xiaochen; Gong, Bing; García Paredes, Jorge; Ordieres-Meré, Joaquín. 2020. "Healthy Operator 4.0: A Human Cyber–Physical System Architecture for Smart Workplaces" Sensors 20, no. 7: 2011. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072011

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