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Open AccessArticle

Satellite Laser Ranging for Retrieval of the Local Values of the Love h2 and Shida l2 Numbers for the Australian ILRS Stations

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Geodetic Sciences, Koszalin University of Technology, Śniadeckich 2, 75-453 Koszalin, Poland
2
Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18A, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
3
Faculty of Geoengineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego 15, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
4
Department of Geodesy and Cadastre, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio 11, LT-10233 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(23), 6851; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20236851
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 26 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
This paper deals with the analysis of local Love and Shida numbers (parameters h2 and l2) values of the Australian Yarragadee and Mount Stromlo satellite laser ranging (SLR) stations. The research was conducted based on data from the Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) satellites, LAGEOS-1 and LAGEOS-2, and Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites, STELLA and STARLETTE. Data from a 60-month time interval, from 01.01.2014 to 01.01.2019, was used. In the first research stage, the Love and Shida numbers values were determined separately from observations of each satellite; the obtained values of h2, l2 exhibit a high degree of compliance, and the differences do not exceed formal error values. At this stage, we found that it was not possible to determine l2 from the data of STELLA and STARLETTE. In the second research stage, we combined the satellite observations of MEO (LAGEOS-1+LAGEOS-2) and LEO (STELLA+STARLETTE) and redefined the h2, l2 parameters. The final values were adopted, and further analyses were made based on the values obtained from the combined observations. For the Yarragadee station, local h2 = 0.5756 ± 0.0005 and l2 = 0.0751 ± 0.0002 values were obtained from LAGEOS-1 + LAGEOS-2 and h2 = 0.5742 ± 0.0015 were obtained from STELLA+STARLETTE data. For the Mount Stromlo station, we obtained the local h2 = 0.5601 ± 0.0006 and l2 = 0.0637 ± 0.0003 values from LAGEOS-1+LAGEOS-2 and h2 = 0.5618 ± 0.0017 from STELLA + STARLETTE. We found discrepancies between the local parameters determined for the Yarragadee and Mount Stromlo stations and the commonly used values of the h2, l2 parameters averaged for the whole Earth (so-called global nominal parameters). The sequential equalization method was used for the analysis, which allowed to determine the minimum time interval necessary to obtain stable h2, l2 values. It turned out to be about 50 months. Additionally, we investigated the impact of the use of local values of the Love/Shida numbers on the determination of the Yarragadee and Mount Stromlo station coordinates. We proposed to determine the stations (X, Y, Z) coordinates in International Terrestrial Reference Frame 2014 (ITRF2014) in two computational versions: using global nominal h2, l2 values and local h2, l2 values calculated during this research. We found that the use of the local values of the h2, l2 parameters in the process of determining the stations coordinates influences the result. View Full-Text
Keywords: Love/Shida numbers; satellite laser ranging (SLR); Yarragadee station; Mount Stromlo station; LAGEOS; STELLA; STARLETTE satellites; SLR stations coordinates; ITRF2014 Love/Shida numbers; satellite laser ranging (SLR); Yarragadee station; Mount Stromlo station; LAGEOS; STELLA; STARLETTE satellites; SLR stations coordinates; ITRF2014
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jagoda, M.; Rutkowska, M.; Lejba, P.; Katzer, J.; Obuchovski, R.; Šlikas, D. Satellite Laser Ranging for Retrieval of the Local Values of the Love h2 and Shida l2 Numbers for the Australian ILRS Stations. Sensors 2020, 20, 6851.

AMA Style

Jagoda M, Rutkowska M, Lejba P, Katzer J, Obuchovski R, Šlikas D. Satellite Laser Ranging for Retrieval of the Local Values of the Love h2 and Shida l2 Numbers for the Australian ILRS Stations. Sensors. 2020; 20(23):6851.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jagoda, Marcin; Rutkowska, Miłosława; Lejba, Paweł; Katzer, Jacek; Obuchovski, Romuald; Šlikas, Dominykas. 2020. "Satellite Laser Ranging for Retrieval of the Local Values of the Love h2 and Shida l2 Numbers for the Australian ILRS Stations" Sensors 20, no. 23: 6851.

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