Next Article in Journal
Multiplexed Remote SPR Detection of Biological Interactions through Optical Fiber Bundles
Previous Article in Journal
Design and Implementation of a Smart Traffic Signal Control System for Smart City Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Circumferential SH Wave Piezoelectric Transducer System for Monitoring Corrosion-Like Defect in Large-Diameter Pipes
Open AccessArticle

Sensor Fault Diagnosis for Impedance Monitoring Using a Piezoelectric-Based Smart Interface Technique

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Duy Tan University, 03 Quang Trung, Hai Chau, Danang 550000, Vietnam
2
Center for Construction, Mechanics and Materials, Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, 03 Quang Trung, Hai Chau, Danang 550000, Vietnam
3
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), VNU-HCM, 268 Ly Thuong Kiet, District 10, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
4
Ocean Engineering Department, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Daeyeon 3-dong, Namgu, Busan 48513, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(2), 510; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20020510 (registering DOI)
Received: 6 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damage Detection of Structures based on Piezoelectric Sensors)
For a structural health monitoring (SHM) system, the operational functionality of sensors is critical for successful implementation of a damage identification process. This study presents experimental and analytical investigations on sensor fault diagnosis for impedance-based SHM using the piezoelectric interface technique. Firstly, the piezoelectric interface-based impedance monitoring is experimentally conducted on a steel bolted connection to investigate the effect of structural damage and sensor defect on electromechanical (EM) impedance responses. Based on the experimental analysis, sensor diagnostic approaches using EM impedance features are designed to distinguish the sensor defect from the structural damage. Next, a novel impedance model of the piezoelectric interface-driven system is proposed for the analytical investigation of sensor fault diagnosis. Various parameters are introduced into the EM impedance formulation to model the effect of shear-lag phenomenon, sensor breakage, sensor debonding, and structural damage. Finally, the proposed impedance model is used to analytically estimate the change in EM impedance responses induced by the structural damage and the sensor defect. The analytical results are found to be consistent with experimental observations, thus evidencing the feasibility of the novel impedance model for sensor diagnosis and structural integrity assessment. The study is expected to provide theoretical and experimental foundations for impedance monitoring practices, using the piezoelectric interface technique, with the existence of sensor faults. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric sensor; smart interface; sensor diagnosis; breakage; debonding; shear-lag effect; impedance method; damage detection; electromechanical impedance piezoelectric sensor; smart interface; sensor diagnosis; breakage; debonding; shear-lag effect; impedance method; damage detection; electromechanical impedance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Huynh, T.-C.; Nguyen, T.-D.; Ho, D.-D.; Dang, N.-L.; Kim, J.-T. Sensor Fault Diagnosis for Impedance Monitoring Using a Piezoelectric-Based Smart Interface Technique. Sensors 2020, 20, 510.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop