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Article

Energy Consumption Evaluation of a Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks in Mesh Scenarios for Precision Agriculture

Graduate Program in Computer Science—UFJF, Juiz de Fora-MG 36036-330, Brazil
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Sensors 2020, 20(14), 3814; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20143814
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Power Sensors and Systems for IoT)
Sensor nodes are small, low-cost electronic devices that can self-organize into low-power networks and are susceptible to data packet loss, having computational and energy limitations. These devices expand the possibilities in many areas, like agriculture and urban spaces. In this work, we consider an IoT environment for monitoring a coffee plantation in precision agriculture. We investigate the energy consumption under low-power and lossy networks considering three different network topologies and an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standardized Low-power and Lossy Network (LLN) routing protocol, the Routing Protocol for LLNs (RPL). For RPL, each secondary node selects a better parent according to some Objective Functions (OFs). We conducted simulations using Contiki Cooja 3.0, where we considered the Expected Transmission Count (ETX) and hop-count metric (HOP) metrics to evaluate energy consumption for three distinct topologies: tree, circular, and grid. The simulation results show that the circular topology had the best (lowest) energy consumption, being 15% better than the grid topology and 30% against the tree topology. The results help the need to improve the evolution of RPL metrics and motivate the network management of the topology. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet of things; energy consumption; routing protocol for low-power and lossy networks; precision agriculture; mesh networks internet of things; energy consumption; routing protocol for low-power and lossy networks; precision agriculture; mesh networks
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MDPI and ACS Style

O. Sales, F.; Marante, Y.; Vieira, A.B.; Silva, E.F. Energy Consumption Evaluation of a Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks in Mesh Scenarios for Precision Agriculture. Sensors 2020, 20, 3814. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20143814

AMA Style

O. Sales F, Marante Y, Vieira AB, Silva EF. Energy Consumption Evaluation of a Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks in Mesh Scenarios for Precision Agriculture. Sensors. 2020; 20(14):3814. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20143814

Chicago/Turabian Style

O. Sales, Frederico, Yelco Marante, Alex B. Vieira, and Edelberto F. Silva 2020. "Energy Consumption Evaluation of a Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks in Mesh Scenarios for Precision Agriculture" Sensors 20, no. 14: 3814. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20143814

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