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UAV Positioning Mechanisms in Landing Stations: Classification and Engineering Design Review

Innopolis University, Center for Technologies in Robotics and Mechatronics Components, 420500 Innopolis, Russia
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Sensors 2020, 20(13), 3648; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133648
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 15 June 2020 / Accepted: 18 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Control, Networks, System and Application)
Landing platforms’ automation is aimed at servicing vertical take-off and landing UAVs between flights and maintaining their airworthiness. Over the last few years, different designs for the landing platforms have been proposed. This shows a strong development and establishment of automatic landing platforms with UAV positioning devices on the landing site. Positioning and safe fixation of the UAV are some of the main features of the landing platform, especially if it is mounted on a movable vehicle. This article focuses exclusively on the landing platform and its elements that provide the positioning of the UAV by affecting it during and after the landing. Both active devices and mechanisms and passive elements used for positioning are considered. This article, based on the review of recent patents and publications, gives the classification of positioning approaches used in landing stations with the analysis of the required landing precision, as well as the pros and cons of each type of approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: charging station; charging; docking station; landing platform; landing; positioning; UAV; vertical take-off and landing charging station; charging; docking station; landing platform; landing; positioning; UAV; vertical take-off and landing
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Galimov, M.; Fedorenko, R.; Klimchik, A. UAV Positioning Mechanisms in Landing Stations: Classification and Engineering Design Review. Sensors 2020, 20, 3648.

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