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Open AccessArticle

The Design of an Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Node for Tracking Pink Iguanas

1
Deptartment of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
CNR—Institute of Marine Engineering, Via di Vallerano 139, 00128 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00173 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(5), 985; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19050985
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Communications and Networking for IoT)
The design of wireless sensor nodes for animal tracking is a multidisciplinary activity that presents several research challenges both from a technical and a biological point of view. A monitoring device has to be designed accounting for all system requirements including the specific characteristics of animals and environment. In this work we present some aspects of the design of a wireless sensor node to track and monitor the pink iguana of the Galápagos: a recently discovered species living in remote locations at the Galápagos Islands. The few individuals of this species live in a relatively small area that lacks of any available communication infrastructure. We present and discuss the energy harvesting architecture and the related energy management logic. We also discuss the impact of packaging on the sensor performance and the consequences of the limited available energy on the GPS tracking. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy harvesting; IoT; animal monitoring; GPS tracking; wireless device energy harvesting; IoT; animal monitoring; GPS tracking; wireless device
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Loreti, P.; Catini, A.; De Luca, M.; Bracciale, L.; Gentile, G.; Di Natale, C. The Design of an Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Node for Tracking Pink Iguanas. Sensors 2019, 19, 985.

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