Next Article in Journal
A Low-cost Electromagnetic Docking Guidance System for Micro Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
Next Article in Special Issue
Slotted ALOHA on LoRaWAN-Design, Analysis, and Deployment
Previous Article in Journal
Low-Hysteresis and Fast Response Time Humidity Sensors Using Suspended Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Signal Detection for Ambient Backscatter Communication with OFDM Carriers
Article

A Sigfox Energy Consumption Model

Department of Network Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya/Fundació i2Cat, C/Esteve Terradas, 7, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(3), 681; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030681
Received: 13 January 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 February 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
Sigfox has become one of the main Low-Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) technologies, as it has attracted the attention of the industry, academy and standards development organizations in recent years. Sigfox devices, such as sensors or actuators, are expected to run on limited energy sources; therefore, it is crucial to investigate the energy consumption of Sigfox. However, the literature has only focused on this topic to a very limited extent. This paper presents an analytical model that characterizes device current consumption, device lifetime and energy cost of data delivery with Sigfox. In order to capture a realistic behavior, the model has been derived from measurements carried out on a real Sigfox hardware module. The model allows quantifying the impact of relevant Sigfox parameters and mechanisms, as well as frame losses, on Sigfox device energy performance. Among others, evaluation results show that the considered Sigfox device, powered by a 2400 mAh battery, can achieve a theoretical lifetime of 1.5 or 2.5 years while sending one message every 10 min at 100 bit/s or 600 bit/s, respectively, and an asymptotic lifetime of 14.6 years as the message transmission rate decreases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sigfox; energy; modeling; performance evaluation; Internet of Things; IoT; smart cities; LPWAN Sigfox; energy; modeling; performance evaluation; Internet of Things; IoT; smart cities; LPWAN
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Gomez, C.; Veras, J.C.; Vidal, R.; Casals, L.; Paradells, J. A Sigfox Energy Consumption Model. Sensors 2019, 19, 681. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030681

AMA Style

Gomez C, Veras JC, Vidal R, Casals L, Paradells J. A Sigfox Energy Consumption Model. Sensors. 2019; 19(3):681. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030681

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gomez, Carles, Juan C. Veras, Rafael Vidal, Lluís Casals, and Josep Paradells. 2019. "A Sigfox Energy Consumption Model" Sensors 19, no. 3: 681. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030681

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop