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Sensors 2019, 19(3), 628; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030628

Bio-inspired Printed Monopole Antenna Applied to Partial Discharge Detection

1
Post-Graduate Program of Electrical Engineering (PPgEE), Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Aprigio Veloso 882, Campina Grande 58429-900, Brazil
2
Department of Electrical Engineering (DEE), Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Aprigio Veloso 882, Campina Grande 58429-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 30 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue UHF and RF Sensor Technology for Partial Discharge Detection)
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Abstract

A new, bio-inspired printed monopole antenna (PMA) model is applied to monitor partial discharge (PD) activity in high voltage insulating systems. An optimized sensor was obtained by designing a PMA in accordance with the characteristics of the electromagnetic signal produced by PD. An ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna was obtained by applying the truncated ground plane technique. The patch geometry was bio-inspired by that of the Inga Marginata leaf, resulting in a significant reduction in size. To verify the operating frequency and gain of the PMA, measurements were carried out in an anechoic chamber. The results show that the antenna operating bandwidth covers most of the frequency range of PD occurrence. Moreover, the antenna presented a good sensitivity (mean gain of 3.63 dBi). The antenna performance was evaluated through comparative results with the standard IEC 60270 method. For this purpose, simultaneous tests were carried out in a PD generator arrangement, composed by an oil cell with point-to-plane electrode configurations. The developed PMA can be classified as an optimized sensor for PD detection and suitable for substation application, since it is able to measure PD radiated signals with half the voltage levels obtained from the IEC method and is immune to corona discharges. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-inspired design; monitoring; partial discharge; printed monopole antenna; UHF; UWB bio-inspired design; monitoring; partial discharge; printed monopole antenna; UHF; UWB
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cruz, J.N.; Serres, A.J.R.; de Oliveira, A.C.; Xavier, G.V.R.; de Albuquerque, C.C.R.; da Costa, E.G.; Freire, R.C.S. Bio-inspired Printed Monopole Antenna Applied to Partial Discharge Detection. Sensors 2019, 19, 628.

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