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Sensors 2019, 19(2), 304; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19020304

PSDSD-A Superpixel Generating Method Based on Pixel Saliency Difference and Spatial Distance for SAR Images

State Key Laboratory of Complex Electromagnetic Environment Effects on Electronics and Information System, National University of Defense Technology, Sanyi Avenue, Kaifu District, Changsha 410073, Hunan, China
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Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

Superpixel methods are widely used in the processing of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. In recent years, a number of superpixel algorithms for SAR images have been proposed, and have achieved acceptable results despite the inherent speckle noise of SAR images. However, it is still difficult for existing algorithms to obtain satisfactory results in the inhomogeneous edge and texture areas. To overcome those problems, we propose a superpixel generating method based on pixel saliency difference and spatial distance for SAR images in this article. Firstly, a saliency map is calculated based on the Gaussian kernel function weighted local contrast measure, which can not only effectively suppress the speckle noise, but also enhance the fuzzy edges and regions with intensity inhomogeneity. Secondly, superpixels are generated by the local k-means clustering method based on the proposed distance measure, which can efficiently sort pixels to different clusters. In this step, the distance measure is calculated by combining the saliency difference and spatial distance with a proposed adaptive local compactness parameter. Thirdly, post-processing is utilized to clean up small segments. The evaluation experiments on the simulated SAR image demonstrate that our proposed method dramatically outperforms four state-of-the-art methods in terms of boundary recall, under-segmentation error, and achievable segmentation accuracy under almost all of the experimental parameters at a moderate segment speed. The experiments on real-world SAR images of different sceneries validate the superiority of our method. The superpixel results of the proposed method adhere well to the contour of targets, and correctly reflect the boundaries of texture details for the inhomogeneous regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: superpixel; synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image; visual saliency; local contrast measure; Gaussian kernel function superpixel; synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image; visual saliency; local contrast measure; Gaussian kernel function
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Xie, T.; Huang, J.; Shi, Q.; Wang, Q.; Yuan, N. PSDSD-A Superpixel Generating Method Based on Pixel Saliency Difference and Spatial Distance for SAR Images. Sensors 2019, 19, 304.

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