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Sensors 2019, 19(2), 289; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19020289

Obstacle Avoidance of Two-Wheel Differential Robots Considering the Uncertainty of Robot Motion on the Basis of Encoder Odometry Information

School of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
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Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 7 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobile Robot Navigation)
PDF [3988 KB, uploaded 12 January 2019]

Abstract

It is important to overcome different types of uncertainties for the safe and reliable navigation of mobile robots. Uncertainty sources can be categorized into recognition, motion, and environmental sources. Although several challenges of recognition uncertainty have been addressed, little attention has been paid to motion uncertainty. This study shows how the uncertainties of robot motions can be quantitatively modeled through experiments. Although the practical motion uncertainties are affected by various factors, this research focuses on the velocity control performance of wheels obtained by encoder sensors. Experimental results show that the velocity control errors of practical robots are not negligible. This paper proposes a new motion control scheme toward reliable obstacle avoidance by reflecting the experimental motion uncertainties. The presented experimental results clearly show that the consideration of the motion uncertainty is essential for successful collision avoidance. The presented simulation results show that a robot cannot move through narrow passages owing to a risk of collision when the uncertainty of motion is high. This research shows that the proposed method accurately reflects the motion uncertainty and balances the collision safety with the navigation efficiency of the robot.
Keywords: mobile robot; motion uncertainty; wheel encoder; path planning mobile robot; motion uncertainty; wheel encoder; path planning
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jin, J.; Chung, W. Obstacle Avoidance of Two-Wheel Differential Robots Considering the Uncertainty of Robot Motion on the Basis of Encoder Odometry Information. Sensors 2019, 19, 289.

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