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Open AccessArticle

An Energy-Efficient Redundant Transmission Control Clustering Approach for Underwater Acoustic Networks

1
School of Management, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(19), 4241; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19194241
Received: 25 August 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 30 September 2019
Underwater Acoustic Network (UAN) is an emerging technology with attractive applications. In such type of networks, the control-overhead, redundant inner-network transmissions management, and data-similarity are still very challenging. The cluster-based frameworks manage the control-overhead and redundant inner-network transmissions persuasively. However, the current clustering protocols consume a big part of their energy resources in data-similarity as these protocols periodically sense and forward the same information. In this paper, we introduce a novel two-level Redundant Transmission Control (RTC) approach that ensures the data-similarity using some statistical tests with an appropriate degree of confidence. Later, the Cluster Head (CH) and the Region Head (RH) remove the data-similarity from the original data before forwarding it to the next level. We also introduce a new spatiotemporal and dynamic CH role rotation technique which is capable to adjust the drifted field nodes because of water current movements. The beauty of the proposed model is that the RH controls the communications and redundant transmission between the CH and Mobile Sink (MS), while the CH controls the redundant inner-network transmissions and data-similarity between the cluster members. We conduct simulations to evaluate the performance of our designed framework under different criteria such as average end-to-end delay, the packet delivery ratio, and energy consumption of the network with respect to the recent schemes. The presented results reveal that the proposed model outperforms the current approaches in terms of the selected metrics. View Full-Text
Keywords: underwater sensor network; data-similarity; control-overhead management; statistical test; sleep-awake aware underwater sensor network; data-similarity; control-overhead management; statistical test; sleep-awake aware
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmed, G.; Zhao, X.; Fareed, M.M.S.; Fareed, M.Z. An Energy-Efficient Redundant Transmission Control Clustering Approach for Underwater Acoustic Networks. Sensors 2019, 19, 4241. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19194241

AMA Style

Ahmed G, Zhao X, Fareed MMS, Fareed MZ. An Energy-Efficient Redundant Transmission Control Clustering Approach for Underwater Acoustic Networks. Sensors. 2019; 19(19):4241. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19194241

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahmed, Gulnaz; Zhao, Xi; Fareed, Mian M.S.; Fareed, Muhammad Z. 2019. "An Energy-Efficient Redundant Transmission Control Clustering Approach for Underwater Acoustic Networks" Sensors 19, no. 19: 4241. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19194241

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