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Open AccessArticle

A Mobile Anchor Node Assisted RSSI Localization Scheme in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

1
Institute of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
2
Department of Automation, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(20), 4369; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19204369
Received: 31 August 2019 / Revised: 5 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 10 October 2019
In this paper, a mobile anchor node assisted RSSI localization scheme in underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) is proposed, which aims to improve location accuracy and shorten location time. First, to improve location accuracy, we design a support vector regression (SVR) based interpolation method to estimate the projection of sensor nodes on the linear trajectory of the mobile anchor node. The proposed method increases the accuracy of the nonlinear regression model of noisy measured data and synchronously decreases the estimation error caused by the discreteness of measured data. Second, to shorten location time, we develop a curve matching method to obtain the perpendicular distance from sensor nodes to the linear trajectory of the mobile anchor node. The location of the sensor node can be calculated based on the projection and the perpendicular distance. Compared with existing schemes that require the anchor node to travel at least two trajectories, the proposed scheme only needs one-time trajectory to locate sensor nodes, and the location time is shortened with the reduction in the number of trajectories. Finally, simulation results prove that the proposed scheme can obtain more accurate sensor node location in less time compared with the existing schemes. View Full-Text
Keywords: underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs); localization; mobile anchor node; RSSI underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs); localization; mobile anchor node; RSSI
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, Y.; Yuan, Y.; Xu, Q.; Hua, C.; Guan, X. A Mobile Anchor Node Assisted RSSI Localization Scheme in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2019, 19, 4369.

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