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Open AccessArticle

Performance Assessment of an Ultra Low-Cost Inertial Measurement Unit for Ground Vehicle Navigation

GridTICs, National University of Technology, Various M5502AJE, Argentina
Department of Environmental, Land and Infrastructure Engineering (DIATI), Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(18), 3865;
Received: 22 July 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 September 2019 / Published: 7 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Nowadays, navigation systems are becoming common in the automotive industry due to advanced driver assistance systems and the development of autonomous vehicles. The MPU-6000 is a popular ultra low-cost Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) inertial measurement unit (IMU) used in several applications. Although this mass-market sensor is used extensively in a variety of fields, it has not caught the attention of the automotive industry. Moreover, a detailed performance analysis of this inertial sensor for ground navigation systems is not available in the previous literature. In this work, a deep examination of one MPU-6000 IMU as part of a low-cost navigation system for ground vehicles is provided. The steps to characterize the performance of the MPU-6000 are divided in two phases: static and kinematic analyses. Besides, an additional MEMS IMU of superior quality is also included in all experiments just for the purpose of comparison. After the static analysis, a kinematic test is conducted by generating a real urban trajectory registering an MPU-6000 IMU, the higher-grade MEMS IMU, and two GNSS receivers. The kinematic trajectory is divided in two parts, a normal trajectory with good satellites visibility and a second part where the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signal is forced to be lost. Evaluating the attitude and position inaccuracies from these two scenarios, it is concluded in this preliminary work that this mass-market IMU can be considered as a convenient inertial sensor for low-cost integrated navigation systems for applications that can tolerate a 3D position error of about 2 m and a heading angle error of about 3 °. View Full-Text
Keywords: MEMS; inertial sensors; MPU-6000; low-cost; ground navigation MEMS; inertial sensors; MPU-6000; low-cost; ground navigation
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Gonzalez, R.; Dabove, P. Performance Assessment of an Ultra Low-Cost Inertial Measurement Unit for Ground Vehicle Navigation. Sensors 2019, 19, 3865.

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