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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 3053; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18093053

An Ontology-Based Cybersecurity Framework for the Internet of Things

1
Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
2
Centre of Technology and Systems, UNINOVA, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
3
University of Surrey, 388 Stag Hill, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 10 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Security in IoT Enabled Sensors)
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Abstract

The use of sensors and actuators as a form of controlling cyber-physical systems in resource networks has been integrated and referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT). However, the connectivity of many stand-alone IoT systems through the Internet introduces numerous cybersecurity challenges as sensitive information is prone to be exposed to malicious users. This paper focuses on the improvement of IoT cybersecurity from an ontological analysis, proposing appropriate security services adapted to the threats. The authors propose an ontology-based cybersecurity framework using knowledge reasoning for IoT, composed of two approaches: (1) design time, which provides a dynamic method to build security services through the application of a model-driven methodology considering the existing enterprise processes; and (2) run time, which involves monitoring the IoT environment, classifying threats and vulnerabilities, and actuating in the environment ensuring the correct adaptation of the existing services. Two validation approaches demonstrate the feasibility of our concept. This entails an ontology assessment and a case study with an industrial implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: cybersecurity framework; Internet of Things; security ontology; security service provisioning; Industry 4.0 cybersecurity framework; Internet of Things; security ontology; security service provisioning; Industry 4.0
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Mozzaquatro, B.A.; Agostinho, C.; Goncalves, D.; Martins, J.; Jardim-Goncalves, R. An Ontology-Based Cybersecurity Framework for the Internet of Things. Sensors 2018, 18, 3053.

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