Next Article in Journal
Quantile Coarsening Analysis of High-Volume Wearable Activity Data in a Longitudinal Observational Study
Previous Article in Journal
Supervised PolSAR Image Classification with Multiple Features and Locally Linear Embedding
Previous Article in Special Issue
Depletion-of-Battery Attack: Specificity, Modelling and Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2018, 18(9), 3053;

An Ontology-Based Cybersecurity Framework for the Internet of Things

Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
Centre of Technology and Systems, UNINOVA, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
University of Surrey, 388 Stag Hill, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 10 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Security in IoT Enabled Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3304 KB, uploaded 12 September 2018]   |  


The use of sensors and actuators as a form of controlling cyber-physical systems in resource networks has been integrated and referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT). However, the connectivity of many stand-alone IoT systems through the Internet introduces numerous cybersecurity challenges as sensitive information is prone to be exposed to malicious users. This paper focuses on the improvement of IoT cybersecurity from an ontological analysis, proposing appropriate security services adapted to the threats. The authors propose an ontology-based cybersecurity framework using knowledge reasoning for IoT, composed of two approaches: (1) design time, which provides a dynamic method to build security services through the application of a model-driven methodology considering the existing enterprise processes; and (2) run time, which involves monitoring the IoT environment, classifying threats and vulnerabilities, and actuating in the environment ensuring the correct adaptation of the existing services. Two validation approaches demonstrate the feasibility of our concept. This entails an ontology assessment and a case study with an industrial implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: cybersecurity framework; Internet of Things; security ontology; security service provisioning; Industry 4.0 cybersecurity framework; Internet of Things; security ontology; security service provisioning; Industry 4.0

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mozzaquatro, B.A.; Agostinho, C.; Goncalves, D.; Martins, J.; Jardim-Goncalves, R. An Ontology-Based Cybersecurity Framework for the Internet of Things. Sensors 2018, 18, 3053.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top