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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 2961; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18092961

Detection of Glyphosate in Drinking Water: A Fast and Direct Detection Method without Sample Pretreatment

1
Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
2
IPM—Intelligent Pollutant Monitoring ApS, 2690 Karlslunde, Denmark
3
Department of Science and Environment, Roskilde University, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Screen-Printed Electrodes)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1703 KB, uploaded 5 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Glyphosate (Gly) is one of the most problematic pesticides that repeatedly appears in drinking water. Continuous on-site detection of Gly in water supplies can provide an early warning in incidents of contamination, before the pesticide reaches the drinking water. Here, we report the first direct detection of Gly in tap water with electrochemical sensing. Gold working electrodes were used to detect the pesticide in spiked tap water without any supporting electrolyte, sample pretreatment or electrode modifications. Amperometric measurements were used to quantify Gly to a limit of detection of 2 μM, which is below the regulation limit of permitted contamination of drinking water in the United States. The quantification of Gly was linearly proportional with the measured signal. The selectivity of this method was evaluated by applying the same technique on a Gly Metabolite, AMPA, and on another pesticide, omethoate, with a chemical structure similar to Gly. The testing revealed no interfering electrochemical activity at the potential range used for Gly detection. The simple detection of Gly presented in this work may lead to direct on-site monitoring of Gly contamination at drinking water sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticide; glyphosate; water; electrochemistry; sensors pesticide; glyphosate; water; electrochemistry; sensors
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Noori, J.S.; Dimaki, M.; Mortensen, J.; Svendsen, W.E. Detection of Glyphosate in Drinking Water: A Fast and Direct Detection Method without Sample Pretreatment. Sensors 2018, 18, 2961.

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