Application of Air-Coupled Ultrasonic Arrays for Excitation of a Slow Antisymmetric Lamb Wave
AbstractAir-coupled excitation and reception of ultrasonic guided waves is already used for non-destructive testing and evaluation (NDT & E). Usually for air-coupled NDT & E purposes the lowest zero-order antisymmetric Lamb wave mode A0 is used, because it is most sensitive to internal defects and thickness variations. The velocity of the A0 mode is reduced with a reducing frequency and at low frequencies may become slower than the ultrasound velocity in air. Such a wave is named a slow Lamb wave. The objective of this research was the development and investigation of an air-coupled excitation method of the slow zero-order antisymmetric Lamb wave based on application of a piezoceramic ultrasonic array. We have proposed to excite the A0 mode by a planar air-coupled phased array with rectangular elements. The array is matched to the wavelength of the A0 mode in the film. Performance of such an excitation method was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. Two excitation methods of the array were analysed: when all array elements were excited simultaneously or one by one with a proper delay. In order to reduce crosstalk between array elements via the air gap, we have proposed an optimization procedure based on additional shifts of electric excitation impulses of the array elements. For experimental verification of the proposed approach a prototype of the air-coupled eight element array made of Pz-29 piezoceramic strips was manufactured. Experimental validation confirmed the possibility of exciting the slow A0 Lamb wave mode through the air gap in thin plates and films. View Full-Text
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Kazys, R.J.; Vilpisauskas, A.; Sestoke, J. Application of Air-Coupled Ultrasonic Arrays for Excitation of a Slow Antisymmetric Lamb Wave. Sensors 2018, 18, 2636.
Kazys RJ, Vilpisauskas A, Sestoke J. Application of Air-Coupled Ultrasonic Arrays for Excitation of a Slow Antisymmetric Lamb Wave. Sensors. 2018; 18(8):2636.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kazys, Rymantas J.; Vilpisauskas, Almantas; Sestoke, Justina. 2018. "Application of Air-Coupled Ultrasonic Arrays for Excitation of a Slow Antisymmetric Lamb Wave." Sensors 18, no. 8: 2636.
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