Estimating Vehicle Movement Direction from Smartphone Accelerometers Using Deep Neural Networks
AbstractCharacterization of driving maneuvers or driving styles through motion sensors has become a field of great interest. Before now, this characterization used to be carried out with signals coming from extra equipment installed inside the vehicle, such as On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) devices or sensors in pedals. Nowadays, with the evolution and scope of smartphones, these have become the devices for recording mobile signals in many driving characterization applications. Normally multiple available sensors are used, such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers or the Global Positioning System (GPS). However, using sensors such as GPS increase significantly battery consumption and, additionally, many current phones do not include gyroscopes. Therefore, we propose the characterization of driving style through only the use of smartphone accelerometers. We propose a deep neural network (DNN) architecture that combines convolutional and recurrent networks to estimate the vehicle movement direction (VMD), which is the forward movement directional vector captured in a phone’s coordinates. Once VMD is obtained, multiple applications such as characterizing driving styles or detecting dangerous events can be developed. In the development of the proposed DNN architecture, two different methods are compared. The first one is based on the detection and classification of significant acceleration driving forces, while the second one relies on longitudinal and transversal signals derived from the raw accelerometers. The final success rate of VMD estimation for the best method is of 90.07%. View Full-Text
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Hernández Sánchez, S.; Fernández Pozo, R.; Hernández Gómez, L.A. Estimating Vehicle Movement Direction from Smartphone Accelerometers Using Deep Neural Networks. Sensors 2018, 18, 2624.
Hernández Sánchez S, Fernández Pozo R, Hernández Gómez LA. Estimating Vehicle Movement Direction from Smartphone Accelerometers Using Deep Neural Networks. Sensors. 2018; 18(8):2624.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hernández Sánchez, Sara; Fernández Pozo, Rubén; Hernández Gómez, Luis A. 2018. "Estimating Vehicle Movement Direction from Smartphone Accelerometers Using Deep Neural Networks." Sensors 18, no. 8: 2624.
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