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Sensors 2018, 18(8), 2410; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082410

Development of User-Friendly Wearable Electronic Textiles for Healthcare Applications

1
Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Smart Devices)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3639 KB, uploaded 25 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents research into a user-friendly electronic sleeve (e-sleeve) with integrated electrodes in an array for wearable healthcare. The electrode array was directly printed onto an everyday clothing fabric using screen printing. The fabric properties and designed structures of the e-sleeve were assessed and refined through interaction with end users. Different electrode array layouts were fabricated to optimize the user experience in terms of comfort, effectivity and ease of use. The e-sleeve uses dry electrodes to facilitate ease of use and the electrode array can survive bending a sufficient number of times to ensure an acceptable usage lifetime. Different cleaning methods (washing and wiping) have been identified to enable reuse of the e-sleeve after contamination during use. The application of the e-sleeve has been demonstrated via muscle stimulation on the upper limb to achieve functional tasks (e.g., hand opening, pointing) for eight stroke survivors. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable; e-textiles; printed electronics; electrode; functional electrical stimulation (FES); rehabilitation; muscle stimulation wearable; e-textiles; printed electronics; electrode; functional electrical stimulation (FES); rehabilitation; muscle stimulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, K.; Meadmore, K.; Freeman, C.; Grabham, N.; Hughes, A.-M.; Wei, Y.; Torah, R.; Glanc-Gostkiewicz, M.; Beeby, S.; Tudor, J. Development of User-Friendly Wearable Electronic Textiles for Healthcare Applications. Sensors 2018, 18, 2410.

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