GNSS Code Multipath Mitigation by Cascading Measurement Monitoring Techniques
AbstractVarious measurement monitoring techniques are investigated to mitigate the effect of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) code multipath through error correction, stochastic weighting of measurements and detection and exclusion (or de-weighting) of affected measurements. Following a comprehensive review of each approach, the paper focuses on detection/exclusion and detection/de-weighting techniques where several single and dual-frequency monitoring metrics are employed in a combination with time-averaging and the M of N detection strategy. A new Geometry-Free (GF) detection metric is proposed given its capability to be combined with a preceding Code-Minus-Carrier (CMC)-based error correction to reduce the number of excluded or de-weighted measurements and thus preserve the measurement geometry. Three geometry-based algorithms, namely measurement subset testing, consecutive exclusion and iterative change of measurement weights are investigated to address multipath scenarios with multiple simultaneously affected measurements. Experimental results are provided using GPS L1, L2C and L5 data collected in multipath environments for static and kinematic scenarios. For GPS L1, the proposed combined method shows more than 38% improvement over a conventional Carrier-to-Noise-density ratio (C/N0)-based Least-Squares (LS) solution in all but deep urban canyons. Lower performance was observed for L2C and L5 frequencies with a limited number of satellites in view. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Pirsiavash, A.; Broumandan, A.; Lachapelle, G.; O’Keefe, K. GNSS Code Multipath Mitigation by Cascading Measurement Monitoring Techniques. Sensors 2018, 18, 1967.
Pirsiavash A, Broumandan A, Lachapelle G, O’Keefe K. GNSS Code Multipath Mitigation by Cascading Measurement Monitoring Techniques. Sensors. 2018; 18(6):1967.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pirsiavash, Ali; Broumandan, Ali; Lachapelle, Gérard; O’Keefe, Kyle. 2018. "GNSS Code Multipath Mitigation by Cascading Measurement Monitoring Techniques." Sensors 18, no. 6: 1967.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.