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Sensors 2018, 18(12), 4102; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124102

Over One-Year Long-Term Laboratory Tests of pH Electrodes in Terms of Industrial Applications Checking Stabilities of Their Parameters and Their Influence on Uncertainties of Measurements

Institute of Automatic Control, Silesian University of Technology, ul. Akademicka 16, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
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Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ion Selective Electrodes and Optodes)
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Abstract

Glass pH electrodes are still successfully applied in the chemical and environmental industry. During their long-term use, periodic calibration is required to maintain the required accuracy of measurements because the parameters of the electrodes change over time. This work presents an aging of 11 pH electrodes within approximately 600 days in tap water. During this period, potentials of all electrodes in five buffer solutions were measured 44 times. This allowed determining the aging models of the electrodes. Models in other mediums might be different. Changes in slope, standard potential, hysteresis, and linearity of the characteristics were the objects of observations. A method for predicting electrode parameters is proposed. Furthermore, the procedure for estimating the uncertainty of pH measurements considering the aging of the electrodes is described. As a result of this work, a model of the aging process of pH electrodes in tap water can be constructed and subsequently, the measurement accuracy in the periods between calibrations can be improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: pH measurement; glass electrode; long-term stability; prediction; hysteresis; measurement uncertainty pH measurement; glass electrode; long-term stability; prediction; hysteresis; measurement uncertainty
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wiora, A.; Wiora, J. Over One-Year Long-Term Laboratory Tests of pH Electrodes in Terms of Industrial Applications Checking Stabilities of Their Parameters and Their Influence on Uncertainties of Measurements. Sensors 2018, 18, 4102.

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