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Sensors 2017, 17(8), 1813;

A Study on AIN Film-Based SAW Attenuation in Liquids and Their Potential as Liquid Ethanol Sensors

The State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 June 2017 / Revised: 26 July 2017 / Accepted: 27 July 2017 / Published: 7 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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In this paper, we report attenuation characteristics of aluminum nitride (AIN) film-based surface acoustic waves (SAWs) in liquids and their potential as liquid ethanol sensors. An AIN film-based SAW resonator was fabricated for liquid sensing application. The fabricated SAW device had a Rayleigh wave mode at a resonant frequency of 147.1 MHz and a low temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF) of −21.7 ppm/K. The signal attenuation in the transmission line of the SAW device was presented when ethanol (ETH) droplets and deionized water (DIW) with different concentrations and volume (0.2–1 µL) were dropped on the sensing area respectively. The attenuation of SAW as a function of time and liquid position was investigated. Residues left on the wave propagation path resulted in a frequency shift of the SAW device after liquid evaporation. For ETH, there was a 49 kHz frequency shift caused by a large amount of residues, while the frequency shift of DIW was not distinct, on account of a clean surface. The linear relationship between evaporation rate and ethanol concentration was demonstrated. The evaporation rate of ethanol droplets showed good consistency, and the evaporation time variation was less than 5% at each concentration level. Therefore, the proposed SAW device had great potentials to determine ethanol concentrations based on evaporation rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: AIN; SAW attenuation; liquid ethanol sensors; evaporation rate AIN; SAW attenuation; liquid ethanol sensors; evaporation rate

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Wang, Y.; Xu, Z.; Wang, Y.; Xie, J. A Study on AIN Film-Based SAW Attenuation in Liquids and Their Potential as Liquid Ethanol Sensors. Sensors 2017, 17, 1813.

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