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A Double Rate Localization Algorithm with One Anchor for Multi-Hop Underwater Acoustic Networks

Key Laboratory of Ocean Acoustics and Sensing, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Xi’an 710072, China
School of Marine Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jaime Lloret Mauri
Sensors 2017, 17(5), 984;
Received: 25 January 2017 / Revised: 24 April 2017 / Accepted: 25 April 2017 / Published: 28 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances and Challenges in Underwater Sensor Networks)
PDF [1858 KB, uploaded 28 April 2017]


Localization is a basic issue for underwater acoustic networks (UANs). Currently, most localization algorithms only perform well in one-hop networks or need more anchors which are not suitable for the underwater environment. In this paper, we proposed a double rate localization algorithm with one anchor for multi-hop underwater acoustic networks (DRL). The algorithm firstly presents a double rate scheme which separates the localization procedure into two modes to increase the ranging accuracy in multi-hop UANs while maintaining the transmission rate. Then an optimal selection scheme of reference nodes was proposed to reduce the influence of references’ topology on localization performance. The proposed DRL algorithm can be used in the multi-hop UANs to increase the localization accuracy and reduce the usage of anchor nodes. The simulation and experimental results demonstrated that the proposed DRL algorithm has a better localization performance than the previous algorithms in many aspects such as accuracy and communication cost, and is more suitable to the underwater environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: localization; underwater acoustic networks (UANs); double rate; reference nodes localization; underwater acoustic networks (UANs); double rate; reference nodes

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Gao, J.; Shen, X.; Zhao, R.; Mei, H.; Wang, H. A Double Rate Localization Algorithm with One Anchor for Multi-Hop Underwater Acoustic Networks. Sensors 2017, 17, 984.

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