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Sensors 2016, 16(9), 1362;

Proof-of-Concept of a Millimeter-Wave Integrated Heterogeneous Network for 5G Cellular

AVC Networks Company, Panasonic Corporation, Yokohama 224-8539, Japan
Department of Wireless Communications and Networks, Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Berlin 10587, Germany
Intel Corporation, Turgeneva Street, 30, Nizhny Novgorod 603024, Russia
Department of Bionics and Statistical Radiophysics, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod 603950, Russia
Intel Deutschland GmbH, Am Campeon 10–12, Neubiberg 85579, Germany
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Boon-Chong Seet
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 14 August 2016 / Accepted: 15 August 2016 / Published: 25 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Millimeter Wave Wireless Communications and Networks)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8739 KB, uploaded 25 August 2016]   |  


The fifth-generation mobile networks (5G) will not only enhance mobile broadband services, but also enable connectivity for a massive number of Internet-of-Things devices, such as wireless sensors, meters or actuators. Thus, 5G is expected to achieve a 1000-fold or more increase in capacity over 4G. The use of the millimeter-wave (mmWave) spectrum is a key enabler to allowing 5G to achieve such enhancement in capacity. To fully utilize the mmWave spectrum, 5G is expected to adopt a heterogeneous network (HetNet) architecture, wherein mmWave small cells are overlaid onto a conventional macro-cellular network. In the mmWave-integrated HetNet, splitting of the control plane (CP) and user plane (UP) will allow continuous connectivity and increase the capacity of the mmWave small cells. mmWave communication can be used not only for access linking, but also for wireless backhaul linking, which will facilitate the installation of mmWave small cells. In this study, a proof-of-concept (PoC) was conducted to demonstrate the practicality of a prototype mmWave-integrated HetNet, using mmWave technologies for both backhaul and access. View Full-Text
Keywords: 5G cellular networks; millimeter wave; heterogeneous networks; flexible backhaul 5G cellular networks; millimeter wave; heterogeneous networks; flexible backhaul

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Okasaka, S.; Weiler, R.J.; Keusgen, W.; Pudeyev, A.; Maltsev, A.; Karls, I.; Sakaguchi, K. Proof-of-Concept of a Millimeter-Wave Integrated Heterogeneous Network for 5G Cellular. Sensors 2016, 16, 1362.

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