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Sensors 2016, 16(4), 581;

Localized Electrical Impedance Myography of the Biceps Brachii Muscle during Different Levels of Isometric Contraction and Fatigue

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston; TIRR Memorial Hermann Research Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Guangdong Work Injury Rehabilitation Center, Guangzhou 510440, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Steffen Leonhardt and Daniel Teichmann
Received: 8 February 2016 / Revised: 11 April 2016 / Accepted: 17 April 2016 / Published: 22 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Noninvasive Biomedical Sensors)
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This study assessed changes in electrical impedance myography (EIM) at different levels of isometric muscle contraction as well as during exhaustive exercise at 60% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) until task failure. The EIM was performed on the biceps brachii muscle of 19 healthy subjects. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the muscle resistance (R) measured during the isometric contraction and when the muscle was completely relaxed. Post hoc analysis shows that the resistance increased at higher contractions (both 60% MVC and MVC), however, there were no significant changes in muscle reactance (X) during the isometric contractions. The resistance also changed during different stages of the fatigue task and there were significant decreases from the beginning of the contraction to task failure as well as between task failure and post fatigue rest. Although our results demonstrated an increase in resistance during isometric contraction, the changes were within 10% of the baseline value. These changes might be related to the modest alterations in muscle architecture during a contraction. The decrease in resistance seen with muscle fatigue may be explained by an accumulation of metabolites in the muscle tissue. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrical impedance myography; muscle contraction; fatigue electrical impedance myography; muscle contraction; fatigue

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Li, L.; Shin, H.; Li, X.; Li, S.; Zhou, P. Localized Electrical Impedance Myography of the Biceps Brachii Muscle during Different Levels of Isometric Contraction and Fatigue. Sensors 2016, 16, 581.

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