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Open AccessArticle

Measurements of Generated Energy/Electrical Quantities from Locomotion Activities Using Piezoelectric Wearable Sensors for Body Motion Energy Harvesting

1
Department of Engineering, University of Roma Tre, Via Vito Volterra, 62, Rome 00146, Italy
2
Department of Cybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17 Listopadu 15, Ostrava-Poruba 70833, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Steffen Leonhardt and Daniel Teichmann
Sensors 2016, 16(4), 524; https://doi.org/10.3390/s16040524
Received: 8 March 2016 / Revised: 1 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 April 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Biomedical Sensors)
In this paper, two different piezoelectric transducers—a ceramic piezoelectric, lead zirconate titanate (PZT), and a polymeric piezoelectric, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)—were compared in terms of energy that could be harvested during locomotion activities. The transducers were placed into a tight suit in proximity of the main body joints. Initial testing was performed by placing the transducers on the neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle; then, five locomotion activities—walking, walking up and down stairs, jogging and running—were chosen for the tests. The values of the power output measured during the five activities were in the range 6 µW–74 µW using both transducers for each joint. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric transducers; body motion energy harvesting; elastic fabric piezoelectric transducers; body motion energy harvesting; elastic fabric
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MDPI and ACS Style

Proto, A.; Penhaker, M.; Bibbo, D.; Vala, D.; Conforto, S.; Schmid, M. Measurements of Generated Energy/Electrical Quantities from Locomotion Activities Using Piezoelectric Wearable Sensors for Body Motion Energy Harvesting. Sensors 2016, 16, 524. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16040524

AMA Style

Proto A, Penhaker M, Bibbo D, Vala D, Conforto S, Schmid M. Measurements of Generated Energy/Electrical Quantities from Locomotion Activities Using Piezoelectric Wearable Sensors for Body Motion Energy Harvesting. Sensors. 2016; 16(4):524. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16040524

Chicago/Turabian Style

Proto, Antonino; Penhaker, Marek; Bibbo, Daniele; Vala, David; Conforto, Silvia; Schmid, Maurizio. 2016. "Measurements of Generated Energy/Electrical Quantities from Locomotion Activities Using Piezoelectric Wearable Sensors for Body Motion Energy Harvesting" Sensors 16, no. 4: 524. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16040524

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